Humanitarian interventions for food/nutrition support in Ethiopia

Question

Conduct a review of the state of the evidence for interventions that are designed for food/nutrition
support, with a focus on Ethiopia.

Summary

There are many evidence gaps in the delivery of humanitarian food/nutrition aid. Evaluation of the relative cost‐effectiveness of dietary response projects is confounded by the fact that different projects can have different objectives (USAID, 2015). Ethiopia has made progress in meeting emergency needs, including through the Government of Ethiopia-led Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP), which is a combination of food and cash assistance. Results show that the average household food insecurity gap (incidences when households cannot meet their food needs) dropped from 3.6 months to 2.3 months (The World Bank Group, 2013). A qualitative survey in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, revealed that receipt of PSNP food-aid was linked socio-demographic attributes, among which marital status, age and size of family were decisive factors (Adazi et al., 2017). There is no evidence that PSNP reduces chronic or acute undernutrition (Berhane et al., 2017). Although anecdotal information exists about micronutrient powder (MNP) processes around planning, coordination, and reliable supply in emergency settings, further research and considerations are needed to generate wider knowledge and overall efficiency (Schauer et al., 2017). The evidence found for this rapid review includes food/nutrition systems for vulnerable groups, such as pregnant and lactating women, as well as children, but does not address disability issues.

Enquirer:

Suggested citation

Tull, K. (2017). Humanitarian interventions for food/nutrition support in Ethiopia. K4D Helpdesk Report. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies.