Climate Change and Social Protection

Question

How are social protection mechanisms being used to assist vulnerable communities adapt to the impacts of climate change (with particular attention to women and children)?

Summary

The primary coping strategies and protection measures identified from this Helpdesk research are:

  • Compensation mitigation measures, such as microinsurance and weather-risk crop insurance. In some cases, safety net approaches (e.g. public works, school feeding programmes) are linked to insurance payouts.
  • Ex-ante adaptation measures, such as crop diversification (e.g. technical assistance, starter packs, seed fairs), irrigation systems, flood safe storage facilities, relocation, livelihood diversification and protection (e.g. legislated employment guarantees).
  • Ex-post adaptation measures, such as cash transfers (e.g. unconditional cash payments, social pensions, child support grants), asset restocking/ sale of assets (e.g. ‘meat aid’ programmes, where the weakest animals are sold for cash), nutritional/feeding programmes.

Enquirer: