Service delivery

UNAMID Delivers Water to Darfur Students during Exam Period

Equitable access to essential public services is vital for human development, inclusive growth, and tackling persistent inequality. This topic guide provides an overview of the best available evidence on inclusive service delivery. It includes lessons from cases where aid has been effective at addressing weak front-line incentives, where services have been delivered in very ...» more

Performance Related Pay

There are very few recent resources addressing performance related pay (PRP) in the central government administrations of developing countries. Several of the experts contacted emphasised that PRP has not been widely implemented in the developing world, and none were able to suggest a case where PRP had been implemented successfully. Most of the work in this area has instead ...» more

Reintegration Best Practice

The following ‘lessons learned’ in relation to reintegration are repeated across the literature:Reintegration is a long process and programmes must be part of a wider security sector reform strategyReintegration should be nationally led and take a participatory approach, including various stakeholders.Planning for reintegration should begin early.Clear selection criteria should ...» more

Political Economy of Civil Service Reform

Much of the recent literature on civil service reform (CSR) emphasises that reforms have tended to fail and that political factors are critical to the success or failure or reform efforts. Political contextual factors and the impact of bureaucrats’ and politicians’ personal interests are most frequently discussed. Regional and ethnic political factors were generally not ...» more

Budget Support and Civil Society

The following points are repeatedly made in the literature with regard to civil society engagement in the context of budget support: The key role for civil society in PRBS is in holding government to account, along with parliament. Donors providing budget support to governments have tended to simultaneously provide support to civil society to strengthen their capacities ...» more

‘Voices of the Poor’ in Southern Africa

No recent 'voices of the poor' type studies for the SADC (Southern African Development Community) region have been identified during the research for this query. Additionally, none of the experts who contributed to the research knew of such a report or of similar research projects currently underway. Several Africa-wide studies published by Afrobarometer, which include ...» more

Methodologies for Measuring the Value of Civil Society

The rise of social entrepreneurship and venture philanthropy has led to an explosion of interest in the area of measuring value and calculating the impact of non-profits and social organisations. There is enormous interest in generating and developing rigorous quantitative tools to assist in accurate measurement of impact and value and a significant number of organisations are ...» more

Donor Contributions to the Strengthening of the African Peace and Security Architecture

Stephan Klingebiel et al.

How can the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) be strengthened? What is the role of external support? This study from the German Development Institute (DIE) analyses how external support for the new APSA is changing. African reform dynamics, the emerging international security agenda and the complex relationship between security approaches and development policy ...» more

Employment Generation and Economic Development in Stabilisation and Reconstruction Operations

Johanna Mendelson-Forman, Merriam Mashatt

What role can employment generation play in stabilisation and immediate post-conflict environments? Is it appropriate to focus on livelihood creation in the first year after the cessation of fighting? This report from the United States Institute of Peace suggests that employment generation and economic development should be given a high priority in reconstruction efforts. ...» more

African Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy Framework

New Partnership for Africa's Developent (NEPAD) Secretariat

What constitutes an African framework for post-conflict reconstruction? This policy framework has been developed by the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and aims to provide a common frame of reference and conceptual base for the assessment, planning, coordination and monitoring of post-conflict reconstruction systems across Africa. Post-conflict reconstruction ...» more

Operational Conflict Prevention and the Use of Targeted Sanctions: Conditions for Effective Implementation by the EU and UN

Mikael Eriksson

How can the international community improve the management and implementation of targeted sanctions? This paper from New York University suggests that targeted sanctions have the potential to be an effective tool in conflict prevention and management. However, sanctions policy and practice is in need of major reform to ensure better implementation, coordination and ...» more

Peacebuilding Coordination in African Countries: Transitioning from Conflict

Walter Lotze, Gustavo Barros de Carvalho, Yvonne Kasumba

How can the coordination of African peacebuilding initiatives be improved? This occasional paper from the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes includes case studies from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), South Sudan and Liberia. There is much scope for coordination to be improved, particularly among local, internal actors who do not own their ...» more

Gender and Growth in China

The first half of this helpdesk research report provides case studies examining the links between economic growth and gender equality in China. Most resources focus on the economic reforms associated with WTO accession and examine their gendered impacts. They all find that China’s impressive economic growth has failed to benefit men and women proportionately. Several authors ...» more

What Sustains ‘Internal Wars’? The Dynamics of Violent Conflict and State Weakness in Sudan

B. Maitre

Are the factors that start internal wars the same as the factors that sustain them? This paper from the Third World Quarterly argues that the international community has been misguided in focusing on determining the causalities of internal wars and should instead focus on the contextual conditions and dynamic relationships that allow them to continue. Using the conflicts in ...» more

From Warlords to Peacelords: Local Leadership Capacity in Peace Processes

G Peake, C Gormley-Heenan, M Fitzduff

What is the role of local political leaders in conflict and peacebuilding?  This study from the International Conflict Research Institute (INCORE) explores the roles played by local leaders in starting, perpetuating and ending conflict in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Sierra Leone.  While local leaders play a key role in starting and perpetuating conflict, it is the pressure from, ...» more

Poverty and Vulnerability Monitoring

It is very difficult to compare the specific tools and methodologies used for poverty monitoring (PM) with those used for vulnerability monitoring (VM), as they are so diverse. However, it is possible to make some general observations in relation to differences between the 2 broad approaches:In essence, the 2 approaches are monitoring different concepts. Poverty can be seen as ...» more

Southern perspectives on technical cooperation

Technical assistance and technical cooperation (hereafter referred to as TC) are forms of foreign aid, where expertise is provided to developing countries in the form of personnel, training, research, and associated costs. Typically, it is associated with the placing of consultants in positions where they can advise and support counterparts in developing countries. The ...» more

Constitutions and minorities

Whilst there is a large body of literature that focuses generally on participation in constitution-making processes and handling diversity of opinion, no resources were found that exclusively discussed effective inclusion of minority groups. However, practical recommendations for promoting the inclusion of minority groups include the following:Create an independent commission ...» more

Child-centred Research and Advocacy

Since the 1970’s there has been a shift from projects that focus ‘on’ children, through to projects that operate ‘with’ children in the 1990s, to the current focus on research and advocacy projects ‘by’ children. The following key findings are reiterated across several of the resources: Adults tend to be highly sceptical and suspicious of child -centred projects Power ...» more

Politics of Justice Sector Reform

There are a wealth of case studies available that discuss the impact of politics on justice reform, with less available on how justice reform impacts politics. Most of the resources identified demonstrate how the macro-political environment impacts on the justice sector or explore political dynamics within the sector that affect reform. Less material was found that discusses ...» more