Disability inclusion

Access Bangladesh Foundation supports an association of former beggars turned street vendors

This topic guide summarises some of the most rigorous available evidence on the key debates and challenges of disability inclusion in development and humanitarian response. Disability does not necessary imply limited wellbeing and poverty. Yet there is growing evidence that the estimated one billion people with disabilities face attitudinal, physical and institutional ...» more

National humanitarian response

National governments have the primary responsibility for leading and coordinating humanitarian response in their countries. Where they have the capacity, state-led responses have been evaluated to be more effective than responses led by others. However, international actors often fail to work effectively with national authorities. The cases studies analysed in this review ...» more

Restrictions on humanitarian access

Humanitarian access is a challenge in many armed conflicts, both in areas controlled by state and non-state actors. While there is some general guidance on strategies to address such access constraints, there is very little publicly documented evidence on how humanitarian organisations have overcome specific instances of governments and de facto authorities’ attempts to ...» more

External support for retention allowances

Retention allowances can come in the form of separate payments or salary top-ups. Donors have generally been reluctant to support retention allowances because they feel salaries are a government responsibility and because of concerns over the sustainability of such support. However, the scale of the crisis has sometimes been so great that they have stepped in to provide ...» more

Refugee return in protracted refugee situations

Voluntary repatriation/return is seen as one of the durable solutions to protracted refugee situations and is the ‘preferred’ solution of the international community. Successful or sustainable return processes require the reintegration of refugees, which can be complicated by their protracted refugee experience and conditions in the country of origin. Evidence from case ...» more

Poverty eradication in Iraq

Despite being an oil-rich, lower-middle income country, poverty remains prevalent in Iraq. This rapid review looks at the recent literature on poverty in Iraq and identifies the barriers to, and opportunities for, poverty reduction and eradication. The literature indicates that: 3.9 per cent of people in Iraq are living in extreme poverty (2012). 18.9 per cent live below ...» more

Conflict dynamics and potential for peacebuilding in Iraq

This report is an update of the information available in the October 2014 GSDRC Contemporary conflict analysis of Iraq. Since the beginning of 2014, the extreme jihadist group ISIL, who are also active in Syria, has gained control of territory in the mainly Sunni and contested areas of Iraq, although government forces, the Kurdish Peshmerga, and the Shia dominated Hashd ...» more

Political Economy and Governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

This report is an update of a 2010 report, ‘Political Economy and Governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)’, and is based on some of the recent literature on governance and political economy in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The report outlines the following key governance and political economy issues discussed in the literature: Political ...» more

Conflict analysis of Kenya

Kenya is a large multi-ethnic country, with over 40 different ethnic groups and many overlapping conflicts. It has high levels of sexual and gender-based violence and of intercommunal violence; low levels of persistent violence; cycles of election-related violence; and increasing numbers of terrorist attacks. The incidence, gravity and intensity of violence have all increased ...» more

Education and building legitimacy during conflict

This rapid review summarises the available evidence of how far support to education has strengthened governance during conflict. The main points made by the literature on education delivery during conflict and strengthened legitimacy for those delivering it includes: Service delivery and state legitimacy: expectations for services vary and this has an impact on the ...» more

Delivering education during conflict

Education is important for children’s wellbeing, development and future prospects, as well as for a country’s peace, stability and economic development; and is often a priority for those directly affected. Despite the challenges of delivering education during active conflict it is possible; and UN agencies, NGOs, and donors have supported governments, communities, and local ...» more

Initiatives to strengthen rule of law in Sindh

As in the rest of Pakistan, there are number of concerns relating to rule of law in Sindh that include: Difficulties accessing justice for the poor (Qaiserani, 2011, p. 1); lack of budget allocations for bodies such as the Sindh Human Rights Commission which prevent it from functioning (Zia, 2014, p. 2); dissatisfaction with the police; 39 per cent of Sindh respondents ...» more

Crisis management models in Africa

The rapid review uncovered very little literature detailing general crisis management models in Africa. It found almost no literature on the experience of using such crisis management models in relation to crises such as public disorder, political unrest, and epidemics. However, some independent evaluations of crisis management models used to respond to food security crises ...» more

Implications of Peacebuilding and Statebuilding in United Nations Mandates

Jake Sherman, Benjamin Tortolani

This paper provides a background study of the implications of peacebuilding and statebuilding in United Nations mandates. Multidimensional missions, especially those that extend state authority or have explicit protection of civilian tasks, have raised fundamental questions about the purpose of peacekeeping, its limits, and the appropriate use of international resources. Key ...» more

Building Peaceful States and Societies: A DFID Practice Paper


This paper outlines a new, integrated approach, which puts state-building and peace-building at the centre of DFID’s work in fragile and conflict-affected countries. It outlines how DFID can: i) address the causes and effects of conflict and fragility, and build conflict resolution mechanisms; ii) support inclusive political settlements and processes; iii) develop core state ...» more

The BRICS and international peacebuilding and statebuilding

Oliver Richmond, Ioannis Tellidis

This report examines BRICS engagement with interventionary forms of development, peacebuilding, statebuilding, and their related institutions and practices. The BRICS can be both “status-quo” and “critical” peacebuilding and statebuilding actors. On the one hand, they all engage with the liberal peace paradigm and its often-neoliberal agenda that allows them to protect ...» more

Adolescent Pregnancy: A Review of the Evidence

Edilberto Loaiza, Mengjia Liang

This report presents an update on the current situation of pregnancies among girls less than 18 years of age and adolescents 15-19 years of age. The girls most likely to have a live birth before age 18 reside in rural and remote areas, have little or no education, and live in the poorest households. The report also covers trends during the last 10 years and variations across ...» more

Experiences of National Governments in Expanding Their Role in Humanitarian Preparedness and Response

Jeremy Harkey

This paper examines how the governments of El Salvador, Mozambique, Indonesia and the Philippines have strengthened their countries’ disaster management systems. Many actors play important roles in the national disaster management systems, including government agencies, civil society groups, the private sector, and the population itself. In practice, however, thorough ...» more

World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2015

Vladmir Andrianov, et al.

This report assesses the employment and social impacts of the recent global slowdown and examines longer term socio-economic consequences associated with the prolonged period of economic turbulence that started in 2008. The world economy continues to expand at rates well below the trends that preceded the advent of the global crisis in 2008 and is unable to close the ...» more

Conflict early warning and early response

Lessons emerging from the literature include: Linking warning and response: The biggest challenge for conflict early warning systems is that they have not yet been effectively transformed into a preventive response. Specific response plans must be developed as part of the early warning system. Preventative interventions to reduce the potential for violence should: i) address ...» more