Approaches to civic education: Please identify examples of best practice civic education programmes in African countries, summarising key features and success factors of the programmes and providing links or contact information where more detailed information can be obtained. Please focus on 1) the nature of civic education frameworks and institutional arrangements and 2) Methods of delivering civic education.
Key findings: Civic education can be broadly defined as ‘the provision of information and learning experiences to equip and empower citizens to participate in democratic processes'. The education can take very different forms, including classroom-based learning, informal training, experiential learning, and mass media campaigns. Civic education can be targeted at children or adults, at the local, national or international level.
Several civic education programmes implemented in Africa are identified, aspects of which have been discussed as good practice examples by various researchers and evaluators. They are:
From reviews of the programmes listed above, as well as other evaluations, institutional arrangements and programme frameworks must take a number of factors into consideration. Key recommendations include:
Evaluations also highlight a number of factors that are critical for success in civic education programmes. Each one highlights three core features of successful programmes:
1. Conduct frequent sessions and expose audience to messages repeatedly.
2. Use participatory training methods whenever possible.
3. Ensure that trainers are authoritative, respected and are able to inspire.
Full response: http://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/HDQ772.pdf