Conflict dynamics in West Africa: Summarise current analyses of conflict dynamics in West Africa. Consider the drivers, actors and trends, as well as the data sources used/available to measure these conflict dynamics in the region.
Key findings: Of the 16 countries that make up the West African sub-region , four have had large scale civil conflict and at least seven have experienced significant low-scale conflicts within the last 25 years, a consequence of multiple interrelated factors. These include:
Although large-scale intra-state conflicts have declined, many countries (or parts of countries) remain unstable and new challenges are emerging. These include:
It is thus important to examine data available to monitor these conflict dynamics. However, while the need for data and early warning systems is much documented, not much West Africa-specific data is generated, much less used, in analysing prevailing and potential conflict dynamics in the region.
Full response: http://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/HDQ752.pdf