Global Drivers of Conflict and Instability: What are the key global drivers of conflict and instability discussed in recent literature?
Key findings: The security-development discourse combines a concern with poverty and economic growth with that of national, regional and global security. It incorporates country-level analyses within a broader framework of transnational issues that impact on conflict dynamics.
Issues of poverty and inequality reflect power relations framed by international forces. It is generally thought that isolating any one factor as the only driver of conflict and instability is to deny the complex inter-relation between various factors, both internal and external. A thorough consideration of the motivating and sustaining factors in conflict suggests that hard-and-fast distinctions between ‘internal’ and ‘external’ influences in a conflictual or unstable setting are not easy to maintain.
Issues highlighted include the following:
While global drivers have a significant role to play, they often act as triggers for underlying sentiments: it is also important to consider internal dynamics (local, national or regional).
Full response: http://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/HD739.pdf