Corruption and Gender in Service Delivery: The Unequal Impacts
Author: Transparency International
Size: 8 pages (136 kB)
This paper investigates how corruption in the provision of basic services can increase gender inequalities. Corruption in health and education provision can have disproportionate and negative consequences for women and girls. It can compromise their access to quality schools and clinics, their own social and economic empowerment, and their country's prospects for economic and social development. Mainstreaming gender in anti-corruption work ensures that women are represented at all stages of service delivery and thus less vulnerable to corruption.
Some forms of corruption in public services, such as health and education, are specific to women and girls. This may take the form of petty corruption, where women and girls are compelled to make informal payments for services that are supposed to free, or through the use of sex as a form of payment in return for public services. It may also be less direct where existing inequalities and patriarchal structures are exploited to commit abuses.
Corruption reinforces existing systematic discrimination that women and girls face in education, justice, health care, employment and the control of assets. Further:
Mainstreaming gender in anti-corruption work ensures that women are adequately represented at all stages of service delivery. It also increases the likelihood of opportunities to promote women's participation and to strengthen their voice in the planning, management and oversight of public services. Additional steps towards a deeper understanding of gender dynamics and impacts of corruption include:
Transparency International, 2010, ‘Corruption and Gender in Service Delivery: The Unequal Impacts’, TI Working Paper 02/2010, Transparency International
Organisation: Transparency International, http://www.transparency.org