Climate Change and Gender: Economic Empowerment of Women through Climate Mitigation and Adaptation?
Author: Sandra Bäthge
Size: 22 pages (486KB)
This paper argues that the economic empowerment of women through climate mitigation and adaptation fosters economic growth and socioeconomic development, reduces poverty, keeps environmental problems in check and increases the potential for adaptation. It requires an integrated approach and institutional and political measures to create the structural conditions necessary for broad-based and sustainable economic empowerment.
The gender dimension in climate change includes women's greater vulnerability than men to the consequences of climate change; and the different roles of women and men in dealing with climate change. Regarding the latter, women are major actors and agents of change in several areas of mitigation and adaptation. Areas in which women are traditionally engaged and which are closely tied to the availability of natural resources (such as food security, domestic energy and water) will be hit particularly hard by the consequences of climate change and require greater adaptation.
However, discussion of climate change does not pay adequate attention to women, either at the local project level or in international negotiations:
Adaptation measures should enable women to secure or expand their livelihood options. Regarding agricultural production, in which most women work to ensure food security for the family, this involves the use of cultivation and irrigation methods that allow for crop security. In irrigation, it is important to adapt type, time, and use. Women can also develop and disseminate innovative cultivation methods that are adapted to climate change. For example, they could select hardy crops or those with a short growth cycle; grow different crops on the same field; and use locally produced organic fertiliser. However, women need access to complementary training and agricultural extension services. Further:
Bäthge, S., 2010, ‘Climate Change and Gender: Economic Empowerment of Women through Climate Mitigation and Adaptation?’, GTZ Working Papers, GTZ, Eschborn
Organisation: GTZ, http://www.gtz.de/en/index.htm