Library

This e-library contains more than 4500 external publications on governance, social development, conflict and humanitarian issues. It includes academic and grey literature selected for its basis in good quality research and coverage of a range of perspectives. Policy-oriented summaries of each document are provided, plus links to the full text.

The echo chamber: Results, management and the humanitarian effectiveness agenda

Fiori, Juliano, Fernando Espada, Jessica Field, and Sophie Dicker.
2016

This critical analysis of the bureaucratisation and professionalisation of humanitarian action proposes that, in spite of bringing order and focus to efforts to improve humanitarian action, the development of the effectiveness agenda has reinforced an echo chamber within the humanitarian sector that is depoliticising humanitarian agencies, distancing them from the humanitarian ...» more

In their words: perceptions of armed non-state actors on humanitarian action

Geneva Call
2016

What do armed non-state actors (ANSAs) think of humanitarian action? This paper finds that while they are willing to engage positively with humanitarian actors, they feel left out of the processes which determine humanitarian principles and international law. Understanding of rules around humantarian access is relatively limited and needs to be addressed. It calls for a more ...» more

When less is more: external assistance and the political settlement in Somaliland

Sarah G Phillips
2016

This article uses a political settlement framework to explore the configuration of power that underpinned the establishment and maintenance of peace in Somaliland. It explores the ways in which the country's isolation fostered mutual dependence between powerful political and economic actors for their survival and prosperity, and challenges underlying assumptions of western ...» more

World Cities Report 2016

UN HABITAT
2016

In an increasingly urbanised world where urban populations and the challenges of urban areas continue to grow, longstanding models of urbanisation need to adapt to new social, economic and environmental realities.  The World Cities Report 2016 explores persistent issues and emerging trends in urbanisation, highlighting the much-needed role of good urban governance to harness ...» more

Iraq’s displacement crisis: security and protection

Lahib Higel
2016

The humanitarian emergency in Iraq has become more severe over the past two years as the armed conflict continues: statistics suggest there are 3.2 million IDPs in the country and more than 8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. This report provides an up-to-date overview of the human rights situation of IDPs in Iraq since the emergence of ISIS, highlighting a ...» more

Cash-based approaches in humanitarian emergencies: A systematic review

Shannon Doocy and Hannah Tappis
2016

The primary objective of this review was to assess and synthesize existing evidence on the effects of cash-based approaches on individual and household outcomes in humanitarian emergencies. The secondary objective was to assess the efficiency of different cash-based approaches and identify factors that hinder and facilitate programme implementation. The study reviewed ...» more

Making women count – not just counting women: Assessing women’s inclusion and influence on peace negotiations

Thania Paffenholz, Nick Ross, Steven Dixon, Anna-Lena Schluchter and Jacqui True
2016

This report presents an analysis of women’s inclusion in peace negotiations distilled from the ‘Broadening Participation in Political Negotiations and Implementation’ project. This is an ongoing multi-year research project started in 2011 at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland, to address the lack of evidence-based knowledge on ...» more

Women’s empowerment: What works?

Andrea Cornwall
2016

Empowerment is one of the most elastic development buzzwords: emerging as a call for transformative social action aimed at confronting inequalities, to a contemporary mainstream development concern more focused on provision of resources, assets or services. This paper argues that only through the former can empowerment work challenge the power relations that underpin pervasive ...» more

Tax administrations and capacity building: A collective challenge

OECD
2016

Tax cooperation has now reached unprecedented levels. Much work has been and is being done to assist developing countries in building their tax capacity. In February 2016 the the IMF, OECD, UN and World Bank proposed to the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that they develop a joint tax platform and recommend mechanisms to ensure effective implementation of ...» more

Time to let go: Remaking humanitarian action for the modern era

Humanitarian Policy Group
2016

The decades since the end of the Second World War have seen a significant expansion in the number, type and size of humanitarian organisations and a proliferation of players laying claim to the humanitarian cause. Despite this progress, the humanitarian system is struggling to keep pace with the growing demands of more frequent and more enduring humanitarian crises and the ...» more

Can climate finance contribute to gender equity in developing countries?

Sam Wong
2016

Climate finance is generally known as financial flows mobilised by industrialised country governments and private entities that support climate change mitigation and adaptation in developing countries. This paper raises questions as to whether climate finance creates a level playing field as women and men decide how climate resources are used, and whether climate funds are able ...» more

A man’s world? Exploring the roles of women in countering terrorism and violent extremism

Naureen Chowdhury Fink, Sara Zeiger and Rafia Bhulai (Eds.)
2016

This edited volume provides an innovative set of national, regional, and international perspectives reflecting on the roles of women in terrorism and countering violent extremism (CVE). Contributors reflect on the lessons learned from diverse fields of practice, including development, human rights, media and advocacy, academia, and conflict prevention and mitigation, and ...» more

Digital financial services in the Pacific – Experiences and regulatory issues

Asian Development Bank
2016

This paper examines how digital financial services (DFS) can be used to improve financial inclusion in the Pacific. It looks at the current use of DFS in seven Pacific island countries, explores the regulation and supervision of DFS, and provides recommendations for the expansion of DFS in the Pacific. The paper explains the two main models for the supply of DFS: bank-led ...» more

Liberation technology: Mobile phones and political mobilization in Africa

Marco Manacorda and Andrea Tesei
2016

The recent spread of digital information and communication technology has fed a wave of optimism about its use as a ‘liberation technology’ capable of helping the oppressed and disenfranchised worldwide. According to this argument, mobile phones and Internet, thanks to the opportunity they offer for two-way, multi-way and mass communication, and their low cost, decentralized, ...» more

Southern philanthropy, social justice and human rights

Fabiana Leibl and Ine Van Severen
2016

This discussion paper addresses the question of how philanthropists in the global south could better support the activities of civil society organisations (CSOs) to promote human rights and social justice, including actions that focus on advocacy, accountability and mobilisation. The paper is informed by interviews conducted with 12 representatives of philanthropic foundations ...» more

PEFA: What is it good for? The role of PEFA assessments in public financial management reform

Sierd Hadley and Mark Miller
2016

How can the PEFA framework both help and hinder our understanding of PFM systems? This paper illustrates how PEFA can be (mis)used to guide PFM system reform. While the PEFA framework remains the most comprehensive indicator of PFM to date – over 500 formal assessments have been undertaken and verified by the Secretariat since its launch in 2005 - not all elements of the ...» more

8th annual ASDA’A Burson-Marsteller Arab youth survey: Inside the hearts and minds of Arab youth.

ASDA’A Burson-Marsteller
2016

There are 200 million young people in the Middle East and North Africa. This white paper provides a snapshot of the ambitions, hopes and fears of young people at a challenging time for the region. The survey asks young Arabs to share their views on a range of topics including: the economy, the impact of the Arab Spring and their media consumption habits. It highlights the lack ...» more

Women’s rights in the cocoa sector: Examples of emerging good practice

Ama Marston
2016

Many existing cocoa sector programmes have tended towards community development without understanding the links between female beneficiaries and their supply chain. This paper identifies 10 areas of emerging good practice to learn from and encourages looking at the social dimension of production and interactions between differing actors to bring a gender dimension. It also ...» more

More than just talk? A literature review on promoting human rights through political dialogue

Hugo Stokke
2016

To what extent does political human rights dialogue contribute to better human rights performance generally? This paper reviews literature on human rights promotion through political dialogue. It focuses on bilateral relations that form part of Norway's country-level dialogue. It finds there is not much evidence that dialogues are effective. The paper describes current dialogue ...» more

Gender inequality, female leadership and aid allocation: A panel analysis of aid for education

Linda Kleemann, Peter Nunnenkamp, and Rainer Thiele
2016

Do recipient countries with persistent gender inequality in schooling receive more aid for education? This paper explores two hypotheses based on aid allocation: need and merit. It finds that female leadership appears to have played a marginal role in the allocation of aid for education. It also finds no evidence of a needs-based allocation of aid for education; aid allocation ...» more