This e-library contains more than 4500 external publications on governance, social development, conflict and humanitarian issues. It includes academic and grey literature selected for its basis in good quality research and coverage of a range of perspectives. Policy-oriented summaries of each document are provided, plus links to the full text.

The other side of gender inequality: Men and masculinities in Afghanistan

Chona R. Echavez, SayedMahdi Mosawi and Leah Wilfreda RE Pilongo

The purpose of the research is to achieve an in-depth understanding of different notions of being a man in Afghanistan and how they contribute to gender inequality. This report is the result of a collaborative research project by the Swedish Committee for Afghanistan (SCA) and the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) that is designed to inform both policy and ...» more

When does ICT-enabled citizen voice lead to government responsiveness?

Tiago Peixoto and Jonathan Fox

This article reviews evidence on the use of 23 information and communications technology (ICT) platforms to project citizen voice to improve public service delivery. This study begins with a conceptual framework intended to clarify the different links in the causal chain in between ICT-enabled opportunities to express voice (platforms) and institutional responses. In other ...» more

World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

World Bank

The digital revolution has brought easier communication and information, greater convenience, free digital products, and new forms of leisure.  However, digital dividends have had much less impact on global productivity, expansion of opportunity and the spread of accountable governance than once expected.  This report argues that improving digital dividends requires digital ...» more

Thinking and Working Politically: From theory building to building an evidence base

Niheer Dasandi, Heather Marquette & Mark Robinson

This paper discusses the steps required to build a robust evidence base for ‘thinking and working politically’ (TWP) in development. The ideas behind TWP are increasingly common in development discussions, and understanding which parts are necessary and sufficient conditions for success is crucial for moving it into mainstream development programming. After reviewing existing ...» more

Too important to fail—Addressing the humanitarian financing gap

High-Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing

This is the report of an expert panel on ways to reduce the estimated US$ 15 billion funding gap for humanitarian action. The expert panel consists of Kristalina Georgieva of the European Commission; Nazrin Shah, ruler of Perak, Malaysia; Hadeel Ibrahim of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation; Badr Jafar from the Crescent Group; Walt Macnee from MasterCard; Trevor Manuel of the Rothschild ...» more

From rhetoric to action: Towards an enabling environment for child and youth development in the SDGs

Cristina Bacalso, Alex Farrow, Andreas Karsten, and Dragan Milhajlovic

What is the enabling environment that ensures children and young people have access to their rights, can influence decisions, and have improved livelihoods? This report aims to stimulate discussion and action by decision-makers and serve to inform the strategic thinking, programming and practice. It confirms well-known hindrances, identifies opportunities, and highlights how ...» more

Haiti – Can smartphones make schools better?

World Bank

In Haiti, World Bank researchers worked with the Ministry of Education to evaluate a pilot program to use digital technology to help keep track of teachers in school and enable more effective monitoring of schools. The plan was to use smartphones to take photos in school of teachers and send the photos to a central server that could be accessed by school inspectors and ministry ...» more

Inclusive community-based disaster risk reduction: Guidance on good practice in the Ayeyarwaddy Delta, Myanmar

Myanmar Consortium for Community Resilience

This publication aims to provide guidance on good practice relating to inclusive community-based disaster risk reduction, drawing on the experience of The Myanmar Consortium for Community Resilience (MCCR). With funding from the European Commission, the Consortium has been working to strengthen community and institutional-level disaster preparedness since 2012. The report seeks ...» more

Getting good at disruption in an uncertain world

Lila Buckley and Halina Ward

What does ‘disruptive change’ mean to NGO leaders and highly experienced development practitioners in middle- and low- income countries? This working paper summarises insights into how NGOs in the global South are addressing disruption in their external and internal operating environments. Beyond natural disasters, emerging technologies, political shifts and climate change the ...» more

Media, discussion and attitudes in fragile contexts

Chris Snow and Will Taylor

What is the relationship between media programming, political discussion and conflict-related attitudes? This paper tests the hypothesis that balanced and inclusive media-induced discussion can be a positive force in mitigating attitudes associated with conflict. It explores how discussions programmes – where a diverse audience, representing the whole of society, is engaged in ...» more

Accelerating sustainability: Why political economy matters.

Hubert Schmitz and Ian Scoones

The decline in poverty and gains in living standards since the 1960s presents today's most pressing development challenge: a greater demand for resources. This paper brings together what the world can learn from development studies and from sustainability studies to understand how to accelerate sustainability in order to meet this demand. It argues that the development era of ...» more

People and corruption: Africa survey 2015

Transparency International and Afrobarometer

This report surveys the public experiences and perceptions of corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa, in order to put the views of ordinary people at the centre of corruption debates. It finds that while many Africans view corruption as being on the rise in their own country and believe their government is not doing well in tackling the issue, there are a small number of countries ...» more

Ethnic heterogeneity and public goods provision in Zambia: Evidence of a subnational ‘‘diversity dividend”

Rachel M. Gisselquist, Stefan Leidere and Miguel Nino-zarazua

This article challenges the ‘‘diversity debit” hypothesis that ethnic diversity has a negative impact on social, economic, and political outcomes. It argues that rather than focus on why this is the case, research should seek to explore the underlying mechanisms of such negative relationship, specifically why these relationships may differ across sub-national budgetary and ...» more

Do citizens reward good service? Voter responses to basic service provision in southern Africa

Daniel de Kadt and Evan S. Lieberman

This study tests the accountability hypothesis that dramatic improvements in key basic infrastructural service areas – water provision, sewerage, and refuse collection – lead to increased electoral returns to the incumbent. The findings from four Southern African countries reveals a negative relationship between change in service provision and change in incumbent vote share, ...» more

Social norms theory and development economics

Lina Eriksson

Social norms are found in all societies and have great impact on human behaviour. They can be both a hindrance and a help for development, depending on whether or not changes necessary for development fit with existing norms.  This paper outlines what social norms are, how they function, and the factors that affect their emergence and change. It highlights how to influence ...» more

Global Monitoring Report 2015/16: Development goals in an era of demographic change

World Bank

This report evaluates the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and spells out the areas that require attention in the transition to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Despite solid development gains in the MDGs, progress has been uneven and significant work remains. The experience of the MDGs will help drive progress toward achievement of the Sustainable ...» more

Resonating, rejecting, reinterpreting: Mapping the stabilization discourse in the United Nations Security Council, 2000–14

David Curran and Paul Holtom

The 2015 Report of the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations examined a vast array of issues connected with peacekeeping operations. The Panel noted the strong link between peacekeeping and stabilization within the UN debates, stressing that the term has a ‘wide range of interpretations’, and that the ‘usage of this term by the United Nations requires clarification’. ...» more

Towards more people-centric peace operations: From ‘extension of state authority’ to ‘strengthening inclusive state-society relations’

Cedric de Coning, John Karlsrud and Paul Troost

Periods of conflict erode trust between national and local authorities and the people they govern, a trust that needs to be re-established. As peace operations are undertaken by inter-governmental bodies that tend to be inherently state-centric, however, peace operations need to go beyond merely supporting the extension of state-authority and strengthen inclusive state-society ...» more

Rethinking disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs

Jairo Munive and Finn Stepputat

This article introduces the special issue of Stability: International Journal of Security & Development on disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and ‘armed non-statutory actors’ (ANSA). In the 1990s, international DDR programs were used mostly to deal with statutory and insurgent armies following peace accords to which the warring parties were signatories. ...» more

Integration and power-Sharing: What are the future options for armed non-state actors in the Myanmar peace process?

Helene Maria Kyed and Mikael Gravers

The ongoing peace process in Myanmar/Burma takes place alongside a transition from totalitarian military rule towards democracy and a rapid influx of international aid agencies and investors. This article engages with the wider debate about ‘Demobilization, Disarmament and Reintegration’ (DDR) programmes and argues that in the present Myanmar peacebuilding context it is highly ...» more