Social assistance

Civil society organisations supporting accountability in cash transfer programmes

This five day rapid review looks at the experiences globally of civil society organisations providing or supporting accountability mechanisms in cash transfer programmes. Bhargava and Raha’s (2015: 12) review of civil society engagement with cash transfer programme accountability found only few studies, suggesting to them that there is a significant knowledge gap. A mixture of ...» more

Decentralisation and cash transfer programmes

In many countries, national governments have delegated the implementation of public programmes, including cash transfers (CTs), to lower levels of the political administration. This rapid literature review found very little research or empirical evidence on the relationship between federal and provincial government in regard to cash transfer programmes. Much scholarship has ...» more

Social assistance and idiosyncratic shocks

While there is a growing literature documenting and analysing how social assistance programmes can help in reducing income poverty and food insecurity, very little systematic empirical research has been done concerning their effectiveness in reducing individual and household vulnerability to idiosyncratic shocks. This rapid review focuses on cash transfers and public works ...» more

Exit as entry in antipoverty programmes

Juan M. Villa and Armando Barrientos

When conditional cash transfer programmes (CCTs) use entry conditions to establish exit criteria, is this consistent with their protection and promotion objectives? This paper explores why this practice it not supported analytically, nor empirically - through an analysis of outcomes for families excluded from Colombia's Familias en Accion. It finds that this practice can be ...» more

The political economy of cash transfers: A comparative analysis of Latin American and Sub-Saharan African experiences

Margherita Scarlato and Giorgio d'Agostino

Conditional cash transfer (CCTs) programmes became popular throughout Latin America during the 1990s and have since been launched in several other emerging and developing countries, generally without conditions. This paper compares the consolidated experience of CCTs in Latin America (LA) with a variety of models of cash transfers (CTs) in middle- and low- income countries in ...» more

Cash-based approaches in humanitarian emergencies: A systematic review

Shannon Doocy and Hannah Tappis

The primary objective of this review was to assess and synthesize existing evidence on the effects of cash-based approaches on individual and household outcomes in humanitarian emergencies. The secondary objective was to assess the efficiency of different cash-based approaches and identify factors that hinder and facilitate programme implementation. The ...» more

The Philippine social pension at four years: Insights and recommendations

Charles Knox-Vydmanov, Daniel Horn , and Aura Sevilla

This study provides lessons in two key areas for assessing the progress of the Philippine social pension: (a) impact of the scheme, and (b) implementation, specifically targeting and validation. Findings suggest the scheme provides invaluable support recipients, but needs to do more to reach the most vulnerable older people, improve targeting and ensure methods of delivery are ...» more

Shock-responsive social protection systems research: Literature review

Oxford Policy Management Limited

What is the relationship between social protection, humanitarian and disaster risk management systems? This literature review consolidates current thinking and emerging evidence on this topic, including ways in which long-term social protection systems can be scaled up to provide support in humanitarian emergencies. The authors reviewed over 400 papers including peer-reviewed ...» more

Evidence on the comparative cost efficiency and effectiveness of varying social assistance modalities

There is limited literature that rigorously measures cost efficiency of programme modalities, or that compares modalities. The key points raised in the literature include the following: Transfer appropriateness is context-specific and determined by multiple factors including programme objectives Cash transfers are generally found to be the least-cost modality – which ...» more

Addressing vulnerability? Cash transfer programming and protection outcomes for out-of-camp Syrian refugees

Paula Armstrong and Karen Jacobsen

This report analyses the successes and shortcomings of a Danish Refugee Council (DRC) implemented e-card programme for out-of-camp Syrian refugees in southern Turkey. While the programme was impressively broad and has helped provide food security for tens of thousands of Syrian refugees in southern Turkey, there are several areas for improvement.  The report focuses on: the ...» more

The state of social safety nets 2015

World Bank

As of 2015, every country in the world has at least one social safety net programmes in place, and the average developing country has about 20 ongoing programmes. This report draws on data that was previously unavailable to examine trends in coverage, spending, and programme performance of the main safety net programmes that exist globally.  and the ways that countries use them ...» more

Debunking the stereotype of the lazy welfare recipient: Evidence from cash transfer programs worldwide

Abhijit Banerjee, Rema Hanna, Gabriel Kreindler, & Benjamin A. Olken

This paper re-analyses the results of seven randomized controlled trials of government run cash transfer programs from six countries – Honduras, Indonesia, Morocco, Mexico (2 different programs), Nicaragua, and the Philippines – to examine the program impacts on labour supply. The re-analysis uses harmonized data definitions and empirical strategies to make the data as ...» more

Cash transfers and temptation goods: a review of global evidence

David K. Evans & Anna Popova

Cash transfers improve education and health outcomes and alleviate poverty in various contexts.  This study finds that concerns that poor households will use transfers to buy alcohol, tobacco, or other "temptation goods" are unfounded. There is clear evidence that transfers are not consistently used for alcohol or tobacco consumption across different contexts and types of cash ...» more

Conditional Cash Transfers, Civil Conflict and Insurgent Influence: Experimental Evidence from the Philippines

Benjamin Crost, Joseph H. Felter, Patrick B. Johnston

This paper presents an experimental evaluation of the effect of a large conditional cash transfer (CCT) program—the Philippines' Pantawid Pamilya—on the intensity of violence and local insurgent influence in civil conflict. In the last decade CCT programs have become one of the most popular tools for delivering development aid and a large literature documents their positive ...» more

The impact of conditional cash transfer programmes on household work decisions in Ghana

Eric Ekobor-Ackah Mochiah, Robert Darko Osei,, Isaac Osei Akoto

A cash transfer programme ‘Livelihood Empowerment against Poverty’ has been implemented with the aim of addressing poverty and vulnerability in Ghana. This study looks at the impact of this conditional cash transfer programme on households’ supply of labour for agriculture, paid employment, and non-farm enterprise. It used a difference-in-difference approach to examine the ...» more

Elite Attitudes Towards Cash Transfers and the Poor in Malawi

Chipiliro Kalebe-Nyamongo, Heather Marquette

This paper argues that the planning of cash transfer (CT) programmes needs to involve more consideration of the country-specific attitudes of elites. It is members of a country’s elites who are often expected to implement – and in the long term, allocate domestic funding to – such programmes. The paper presents findings from primary research in Malawi that examined elites’ ...» more