The impact of private sector internship and training on urban youth in Kenya

Maddalena Honorati

This paper evaluates the Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA) and the Government of Kenya with support from the World Bank’s Kenya Youth Empowerment Project (KYEP) training and internship pilot programme for vulnerable youths between the ages of 17 and 29 years old who were out of school and/or had no permanent job in the previous year. It finds it has had overall significant ...» more

Social inclusion, poverty eradication and the 2030 agenda for sustainable development

Esuna Dugarova

A renewed interest in social inclusion has highlighted the need for the simultaneous promotion of productivity, poverty reduction and greater inclusiveness. This paper argues that there are three key interrelated areas that are critical for poverty eradication and inclusive development: (i) universal social protection; (ii) meaningful participation; and (iii) social and ...» more

Debunking the stereotype of the lazy welfare recipient: Evidence from cash transfer programs worldwide

Abhijit Banerjee, Rema Hanna, Gabriel Kreindler, & Benjamin A. Olken

This paper re-analyses the results of seven randomized controlled trials of government run cash transfer programs from six countries – Honduras, Indonesia, Morocco, Mexico (2 different programs), Nicaragua, and the Philippines – to examine the program impacts on labour supply. The re-analysis uses harmonized data definitions and empirical strategies to make the data as ...» more

Is child work detrimental to the educational achievement of children?

Tassew Woldehanna and Aregawi Gebremedhin

To what extent does child work have an effect on education? This study adds value to the previous work done by Young Lives in Ethiopia by investigating the causal relationship between child work and education. It finds that child work has an adverse effect on children's educational achievement, and suggests that the Government of Ethiopia should focus on addressing trigger ...» more

Applied research concerning inclusion of persons with disabilities in systems of social protection – quantitative research report (Tanzania)


This quantitative study aims to assess the need for inclusion in social protection among persons with disabilities compared to those without, within three districts in Tanzania.  It finds that the need for health insurance and other social protection schemes among persons with disabilities was not matched by higher, and suggests that the expansion of social protection schemes ...» more

Applied research concerning inclusion of persons with disabilities in systems of social protection: Qualitative research report (Tanzania)


This report presents and analyses data obtained during qualitative interviews, which sought to understand the perceptions and experiences of persons with disabilities and the extent to which existing social protection programmes in Tanzania are inclusive of persons with disabilities. It finds that there is an absence of specific targeted efforted to enrol or collect data on ...» more

Child-sensitive social protection in Fiji: Assessment of the care and protection allowance

Stephen Kidd, Tareq Abu-el-Haj, Carol Watson, Jonathan Sibley, Bjorn Gelders and Gabrielle Smith

Despite Fiji’s status as a middle-income country, a high proportion of children live in poor and income-insecure families. This report reviews the Department of Social Welfare’s Care & Protection Allowance, highlighting that its current impact is limited by low coverage and the exclusion of beneficiaries from receiving other social security. The report recommends extending ...» more

Social policy

The development of social policy as a discipline is associated with the emergence of welfare states in European countries. This reading guide provides the user with some key texts and narrative. The development of European countries involved the progressive extension of rights, civil rights in the 18th century, political rights in the 19th century, and…» more

Cash transfers and temptation goods: a review of global evidence

David K. Evans & Anna Popova

Cash transfers improve education and health outcomes and alleviate poverty in various contexts.  This study finds that concerns that poor households will use transfers to buy alcohol, tobacco, or other "temptation goods" are unfounded. There is clear evidence that transfers are not consistently used for alcohol or tobacco consumption across different contexts and types of cash ...» more

Growing up in Ethiopia and Andhra Pradesh: The impact of social protection schemes on girl’s roles and responsibilities

Laura Camfield

Contrary to popular understanding, there is little evidence that increasing participation in social protection enhances the development of girls in participating households. What happens to girls’ roles and responsibilities when households participate in social protection schemes in rural Ethiopia and Andhra Pradesh? This article argues that effects cannot be answered with a ...» more

Social protection Management Information Systems (MIS)

MIS are useful because integrated data management of social protection programmes can lead to more equitable distribution of resources; provide oversight of multiple schemes; establish links with other services; and increase efficiency through economies of scale (Barca & Chirchir, 2014). There is a considerable literature on policy guidance, design guidelines, and a general ...» more

Social protection accountability

Accountability and good governance are strong themes of development interventions in general, but have yet to be applied systematically to social protection programmes. Social assistance accountability mechanisms usually focus on two main areas: (i) the flow of information and (ii) the flow of funds (Bassett et al., 2012). Most programmes have implemented a series of audits, ...» more

Capacity building for social protection

Research for this rapid literature review was unable to find specific material on impacts and lessons for supporting sustainable government capacity building of the social protection sector in general. There is, however, general guidance material on social protection, and lessons and impacts from specific programmes and projects. Consequently this report identifies ...» more

World Social Protection Report 2014/15: Building economic recovery, inclusive development and social justice


This ILO flagship report: (i) provides a global overview of the organisation of social protection systems, their coverage and benefits, as well as public expenditures on social security; (ii) following a life-cycle approach, presents social protection for children, for women and men of working age, and for older persons; (iii) analyses trends and recent policies, e.g. negative ...» more

Social protection for older persons: Key policy trends and statistics

International Labour Organization

This policy paper: (i) provides a global overview of the organisation of pension systems, their coverage and benefits, as well as public expenditures on social security, in 178 countries; (ii) analyses trends and recent policies, e.g. extension of coverage in a large number of low- and middle-income countries; (iii) presents the negative impacts of fiscal consolidation and ...» more

Conditional Cash Transfers, Civil Conflict and Insurgent Influence: Experimental Evidence from the Philippines

Benjamin Crost, Joseph H. Felter, Patrick B. Johnston

This paper presents an experimental evaluation of the effect of a large conditional cash transfer (CCT) program—the Philippines' Pantawid Pamilya—on the intensity of violence and local insurgent influence in civil conflict. In the last decade CCT programs have become one of the most popular tools for delivering development aid and a large literature documents their positive ...» more