Labour market interventions

Interventions on child labour in South Asia

The three principal international conventions on child labour (Minimum Age to Employment Convention, 1973 (No. 138), Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989, together set the legal parameters for child labour and provide the legal foundations for national and international action against it. Whilst ...» more

Mapping of research on child labour in South Asia

This Help Desk Report aims to map out research on child labour in South Asia, specifically: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, as well as Myanmar (Burma). The report focuses on major projects being carried out by international organisations with an examination of their expenditure on research, as well as local partners.  The report also highlights the research ...» more

Data on child trafficking

This rapid review synthesises findings from rigorous academic, practitioner, and policy references published in the past fifteen years that discuss child trafficking and human trafficking more generally. The focus is on the most predominant data produced by OECD countries, reports produced by international organisations that collect data from OECD countries, as well as ...» more

Data on the prevalence of the worst forms of child labour

This rapid review synthesises findings from rigorous academic, practitioner, and policy references published in the past fifteen years that discuss the prevalence of the worst forms of child labour. Globally, children are routinely engaged in paid and unpaid forms of work that are considered not harmful to them. They are classified as child labourers when they are either too ...» more

Labor markets and poverty in village economies

Oriana Bandiera, Robin Burgess, Narayan Das, Selim Gulesci, Imran Rasul and Munshi Sulaiman

This paper reports the results of a randomized evaluation of the nationwide roll-out of a program that transfers assets and skills to the poorest women in villages in Bangladesh, studied through a detailed labour survey that tracks over 21,000 households, drawn from the entire wealth distribution in 1,309 rural Bangladeshi villages, four times over a seven year period. The ...» more

Markets in crises: The conflict in Mali

Veronique Barbelet and Marthe Diallo Goita

Market analyses are key to informing decisions around transfer modalities (cash, voucher or in-kind).Traditionally this has focused on the availability and price of key commodities,but it has recently expanded to supply  chain analysis, value chain analysis and pre-crisis market mapping. This study takes a more sociological perspective and, using Mali as a case study, asks ...» more

The impact of private sector internship and training on urban youth in Kenya

Maddalena Honorati

This paper evaluates the Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA) and the Government of Kenya with support from the World Bank’s Kenya Youth Empowerment Project (KYEP) training and internship pilot programme for vulnerable youths between the ages of 17 and 29 years old who were out of school and/or had no permanent job in the previous year. It finds it has had overall significant ...» more

Women’s and girls’ benefits from market-oriented agriculture in Uganda

Knowledge about women’s and girls’ benefits from commercial agriculture is limited but sufficient to form the basis of this report. Internal obstacles include: ownership, tenure and access in relation to land; a gendered division of labour and time; unequal domestic decision-making power; interactions between poverty, the harvest cycle and the food market; and changing ...» more

Social inclusion in productive safety net programmes

Evidence is scattered and quite limited, with a heavy slant towards Ethiopia. Multi-country literature offers the following on social inclusion: Lessons for projects, programmes and policies: - Community participation: beneficiary outreach is key. Participatory targeting, project selection and monitoring are useful, though attention needs to be paid to exclusion, ...» more

A Practitioner’s Guide to Evaluating the Impacts of Labor Market Programs

Emla Fitzsimons, Marcos Vera-Hernández

How can the impact of labour market programmes in developing countries be credibly evaluated? This note outlines the main issues that need to be considered when planning an impact evaluation. It also covers the techniques used to estimate impacts. Knowledge of evaluation techniques is important even at the programme planning stage; the types of data that need to be collected ...» more

Labour Market Regulation and Economic Performance: A Critical Review of Arguments and Some Plausible Lessons for India

Praveen Jha, Sakti Golder

What are the effects of labour market regulation on economic performance? Does enhanced labour market flexibility lead to improved economic outcomes? This paper examines the theoretical and empirical arguments regarding the causal connections between labour market reforms and economic performance, with a focus on India. It finds little evidence that labour market regulation is ...» more

Impacts of Active Labour Market Programmes: New Evidence from Evaluations with Particular Attention to Developing and Transition Countries

G. Betcherman, K. Olivas, A. Dar

How much reliance should countries place on active labour market programmes (ALMPs)? This paper provides an overview of recent international experience. Some programmes demonstrate positive labour market effects for participants, while others show no impact or even negative effects. Ingredients for success seem to apply to all countries. These ingredients are: comprehensive ...» more

Policy Expectations and Programme Reality: The Poverty Reduction and Labour Market Impact of Two Public Works Programmes in South Africa

Anna McCord

How effective has South Africa been in reducing poverty and promoting employment through public works programmes (PWPs)? This study explores the contribution of PWPs to social protection in South Africa by examining the Gundo Lashu programme in Limpopo and the Zibambele programme in KwaZulu Natal. It argues that, for reasons of both design and scale, PWPs alone cannot ...» more

Impacts of Active Labor Market Programs: New Evidence from Evaluations with Particular Attention to Developing and Transition Countries

G Betcherman, A Dar

What is the impact of active labour market programmes (ALMPs) on reducing the risk of unemployment and increasing the earning capacity of workers in developing and transition countries? This report, published by the World Bank, claims that ALMPs generally have a positive impact on the employment prospects of participants, however, there are mixed results in many cases. ...» more

Labour Market Policies: Theoretical Background

A Abrahart, P Verme

Labour market policies (LMPs) are key elements of social protection strategies (defined as policies and programmes that aim to reduce poverty and vulnerability). But do LMPs actually facilitate social protection? This paper by the Asian Development Bank reviews LMPs in the context of social protection, drawing on experiences in Asia. Designing LMPs to contribute to social ...» more