Multidimensional poverty

Multidimensional poverty

While people generally recognise poverty instantly when they encounter it, they often find difficulty in saying precisely what it is.  Experts share the same difficulty and hence definitions frequently reflect what can most readily be measured. Poverty is commonly taken to be low income and, in global debates, is often indexed by income of $1.25…» more

Analysing Child Poverty and Deprivation in sub-Saharan Africa: Cross Country Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis

Marlous de Milliano, Ilze Plavgo

This paper analyses multidimensional child deprivation across thirty countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The main objective of the paper is to present a direct method of child poverty measurement analysing deprivations experienced by the child. It applies the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology that measures aspects of child poverty, adapted to allow ...» more

Human Development Report 2014 – Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience


The 2014 Human Development Report— Sustaining Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience—looks at two concepts which are both interconnected and immensely important to securing human development progress. It shows that overall global trends are positive and that progress is continuing. Yet, lives are being lost, and livelihoods and development undermined, by ...» more

Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting Approach

Suman Seth, Sabina Alkire

Poverty has many dimensions, which, in practice, are often binary or ordinal in nature. A number of multidimensional measures of poverty have recently been proposed that respect this ordinal nature. These measures agree that the consideration of inequality across the poor is important, which is typically captured by adjusting the poverty measure to be sensitive to inequality. ...» more

Where do the World’s Multidimensionally Poor People Live?

Sabina Alkire, José Manuel Roche, Andy Sumner

This paper asks where do the world’s multidimensionally poor people live? The paper considers how the global distribution of multidimensional poverty differs from the global distribution of income poverty and assesses the sensitivity of findings to widely used (although somewhat arbitrary) country classifications. Surprisingly perhaps, only a quarter of multidimensionally poor ...» more

Gender Inequality in Multidimensional Welfare Deprivation in West Africa: The Case of Burkina Faso and Togo

Akoété Ega Agbodji, Yélé Maweki Batana, Dénis Ouedraogo

The importance of gender equality is reflected not only in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) but also in the World Bank’s Gender Action Plan launched in 2007, as well as in other treaties and actions undertaken at regional and international levels. Unlike other gender poverty studies, which are mostly based on monetary measurement, the present study employs a counting ...» more

Social Exclusion Approaches to Poverty Analysis

This report identifies and reviews a selection of tools and methods used by bilateral, multilateral and non-governmental development agencies to conduct social exclusion and other social approaches to poverty analysis. In recent years, development agencies have grown increasingly dissatisfied with income-only approaches to understanding poverty, and have begun to focus on the ...» more

Poverty and wellbeing indices

The Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress was created in 2008 to explore the limits of GDP as an indicator of economic performance and social progress. Much literature in the past has critiqued the inadequacy of income measures. The Commission was also tasked with considering additional information and tools required to produce a more ...» more

Building the Case for Pro-Poor Adaptation

Thomas Tanner, Tom Mitchell

Why must climate change adaptation be pro-poor? What are the links between adaptation and poverty and how can pro-poor adaptation inform climate-resilient poverty reduction at all scales? This article argues that adaptation to climate change will be inefficient and inequitable if it does not consider the multidimensional and differentiated nature of poverty and vulnerability. ...» more

Identifying the Poorest People and Groups: Strategies Using the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index

Sabina Alkire et al.

If development is about poverty reduction, then where the poorest live is an important question. This paper seeks to answer this question using an internationally comparable multidimensional poverty index (MPI) to identify the poor using household surveys across more than a hundred countries. It compares three approaches to identifying the ‘bottom billion’: i) the billion ...» more