Webinar video: Demographic shifts

The next decade will see the global population rise by 1 billion. The current youth bulge (there are an estimated 1.5 billion young people in the world today) is expected to give way to a rapidly ageing population by 2050. What does this mean for the development community? Dr Laura Camfield (UEA) and Prof Asghar Zaidi (University of…» more

Building social cohesion in post-conflict situations

The approaches covered in this report include community-driven development, job creation, social protection and education. Whilst in theory there are strong links between these and social cohesion, there is very little rigorous empirical evidence to verify these links.  More specifically, the literature highlights that: Community-driven development (CDD) programmes promote ...» more

From rhetoric to action: Towards an enabling environment for child and youth development in the SDGs

Cristina Bacalso, Alex Farrow, Andreas Karsten, and Dragan Milhajlovic
2016

What is the enabling environment that ensures children and young people have access to their rights, can influence decisions, and have improved livelihoods? This report aims to stimulate discussion and action by decision-makers and serve to inform the strategic thinking, programming and practice. It confirms well-known hindrances, identifies opportunities, and highlights how ...» more

Ethnic heterogeneity and public goods provision in Zambia: Evidence of a subnational ‘‘diversity dividend”

Rachel M. Gisselquist, Stefan Leidere and Miguel Nino-zarazua
2015

This article challenges the ‘‘diversity debit” hypothesis that ethnic diversity has a negative impact on social, economic, and political outcomes. It argues that rather than focus on why this is the case, research should seek to explore the underlying mechanisms of such negative relationship, specifically why these relationships may differ across sub-national budgetary and ...» more

Disability in humanitarian context: Views from affected people and field organisations

Handicap International
2015

This report is based on the results of a global consultation carried out in 2015 as a contribution to the World Humanitarian Summit and is intended to better identify the changes needed for a disability-inclusive humanitarian response. A total of 769 responses were collected through three online surveys. Answers were collected from 484 people with disabilities, including 400 ...» more

Growth and income inequality effects on poverty: The case of Pakistan (1988 –2011)

Haroon Jamal
2015

This study scrutinizes Pakistan’s statistics on growth, poverty and inequality in terms of poverty decomposition into growth and distribution components and assessment of growth in terms of its distributional neutrality with the help of widely-used statistical tools. Decomposition of poverty into growth and inequality components answers the question of what poverty outcomes ...» more

In quest of inclusive progress: Exploring intersecting inequalities in human development

Amanda Lenhardt and Emma Samman
2015

To what extent do wealth status, urban/rural place of residence and ethnicity – and their intersection – explain inequalities in education and health? This paper traces the changes that have occurred in these intersecting inequalities in 16 countries over periods of approximately ten years.  It finds that people who experience intersecting disadvantages have been left behind by ...» more

Inclusive institutions

The term ‘inclusive institutions’ does not refer to a clearly defined field of theory or policy within international development, but to a normative sensibility that stands in favour of inclusion as the benchmark against which institutions can be judged and also promoted. Inclusive institutions are usually portrayed as both a means through which inclusive development…» more

Youth unemployment, education and political instability: evidence from selected developing countries 1991-2009

Therese F. Azeng & Thierry U. Yogo
2015

What is the relationship between youth unemployment and political instability? This working paper explores how youth unemployment is associated with political violence and armed conflict in developing countries. It suggests that youth unemployment is a symptom rather than a cause of political instability; there is a positive effect of youth unemployment on political violence ...» more

Social inclusion, poverty eradication and the 2030 agenda for sustainable development

Esuna Dugarova
2015

A renewed interest in social inclusion has highlighted the need for the simultaneous promotion of productivity, poverty reduction and greater inclusiveness. This paper argues that there are three key interrelated areas that are critical for poverty eradication and inclusive development: (i) universal social protection; (ii) meaningful participation; and (iii) social and ...» more

Disability inclusion

This topic guide summarises some of the most rigorous available evidence on the key debates and challenges of disability inclusion in development and humanitarian response. Disability does not necessary imply limited wellbeing and poverty. Yet there is growing evidence that the estimated one billion people with disabilities face attitudinal, physical and institutional ...» more

Children and young people

Why do children and young people matter in development? Firstly, there are a lot of them – in Sub-Saharan Africa under-15s represent 43% of the population (Population Reference Bureau, 2015). Secondly, they are often disproportionately affected by poverty – in the UK 28% of children live in households below the poverty line (Department of Work…» more

Reaching boiling point: high school activism in Afghanistan

Antonio Giustozzi & Ali Mohmmad Ali
2015

This research paper explores patterns of politicisation in Afghanistan’s high schools.  It reveals how the ban on political activities within schools has had little impact, and explores how the reproduction of the political establishment within schools poses a potential risk to Afghanistan's future stability. It suggests two ways to address this: (1) revoking the ban in order ...» more

Ageing and development

The world’s population is ageing across all regions of the world. Extraordinary developments in technology, medicine and public hygiene over the last 100 years have resulted in increasing numbers of people living longer than ever before, with better health and the prospect of a more active life long into old age. This trend coupled with…» more

Social development and human development

This Topic Guide aims to answer the question ‘What is the interaction between social development issues and human development outcomes?’ An individual’s right to lead a long and healthy life, to be educated and to enjoy a decent standard of living cannot be realised without addressing social development issues. This is because these issues determine individuals’ access to ...» more

‘Leave no one behind’: Gender, sexuality and the Sustainable Development Goals

Elizabeth Mills
2015

This report provides evidence on the impact of excluding populations on the basis of their sexual orientation or gender identity and expression (SOGIE). It argues that unless deliberate steps are taken by international and national development actors to address this exclusion, the explicit global commitment in the SDGs to eradicate inequality for all people will not be ...» more

Disability inclusion in the voter registration processes

Cambodian Disabled People's Organisation
2015

Despite a number of laws protecting people with disabilities, elections in Cambodia are not yet inclusive. This report identifies challenges, good practice and steps that Cambodia's government, election administrators and civil society can take to protect the political rights of persons with disabilities. It calls for the NEC to address the challenges faced by person of ...» more

Is child work detrimental to the educational achievement of children?

Tassew Woldehanna and Aregawi Gebremedhin
2015

To what extent does child work have an effect on education? This study adds value to the previous work done by Young Lives in Ethiopia by investigating the causal relationship between child work and education. It finds that child work has an adverse effect on children's educational achievement, and suggests that the Government of Ethiopia should focus on addressing trigger ...» more

Disability and development

More than one billion people (around 15% of the world’s population) are disabled, with 80% of them living in the global South, estimates the first ever World Report on Disability jointly published by the WHO and World Bank in 2011. Furthermore, disabled people are disproportionately represented among the poor, have higher levels of unmet health…» more

Applied research concerning inclusion of persons with disabilities in systems of social protection – quantitative research report (Tanzania)

GIZ
2015

This quantitative study aims to assess the need for inclusion in social protection among persons with disabilities compared to those without, within three districts in Tanzania.  It finds that the need for health insurance and other social protection schemes among persons with disabilities was not matched by higher, and suggests that the expansion of social protection schemes ...» more