Youth unemployment, education and political instability: evidence from selected developing countries 1991-2009

Therese F. Azeng & Thierry U. Yogo

What is the relationship between youth unemployment and political instability? This working paper explores how youth unemployment is associated with political violence and armed conflict in developing countries. It suggests that youth unemployment is a symptom rather than a cause of political instability; there is a positive effect of youth unemployment on political violence ...» more

Social inclusion, poverty eradication and the 2030 agenda for sustainable development

Esuna Dugarova

A renewed interest in social inclusion has highlighted the need for the simultaneous promotion of productivity, poverty reduction and greater inclusiveness. This paper argues that there are three key interrelated areas that are critical for poverty eradication and inclusive development: (i) universal social protection; (ii) meaningful participation; and (iii) social and ...» more

Disability inclusion

Access Bangladesh Foundation supports an association of former beggars turned street vendors

This topic guide summarises some of the most rigorous available evidence on the key debates and challenges of disability inclusion in development and humanitarian response. Disability does not necessary imply limited wellbeing and poverty. Yet there is growing evidence that the estimated one billion people with disabilities face attitudinal, physical and institutional ...» more

Children and young people

Why do children and young people matter in development? Firstly, there are a lot of them – in Sub-Saharan Africa under-15s represent 43% of the population (Population Reference Bureau, 2015). Secondly, they are often disproportionately affected by poverty – in the UK 28% of children live in households below the poverty line (Department of Work…» more

Reaching boiling point: high school activism in Afghanistan

Antonio Giustozzi & Ali Mohmmad Ali

This research paper explores patterns of politicisation in Afghanistan’s high schools.  It reveals how the ban on political activities within schools has had little impact, and explores how the reproduction of the political establishment within schools poses a potential risk to Afghanistan's future stability. It suggests two ways to address this: (1) revoking the ban in order ...» more

Ageing and development

The world’s population is ageing across all regions of the world. Extraordinary developments in technology, medicine and public hygiene over the last 100 years have resulted in increasing numbers of people living longer than ever before, with better health and the prospect of a more active life long into old age. This trend coupled with…» more

Social development and human development

This Topic Guide aims to answer the question ‘What is the interaction between social development issues and human development outcomes?’ An individual’s right to lead a long and healthy life, to be educated and to enjoy a decent standard of living cannot be realised without addressing social development issues. This is because these issues determine individuals’ access to ...» more

‘Leave no one behind’: Gender, sexuality and the Sustainable Development Goals

Elizabeth Mills

This report provides evidence on the impact of excluding populations on the basis of their sexual orientation or gender identity and expression (SOGIE). It argues that unless deliberate steps are taken by international and national development actors to address this exclusion, the explicit global commitment in the SDGs to eradicate inequality for all people will not be ...» more

Disability inclusion in the voter registration processes

Cambodian Disabled People's Organisation

Despite a number of laws protecting people with disabilities, elections in Cambodia are not yet inclusive. This report identifies challenges, good practice and steps that Cambodia's government, election administrators and civil society can take to protect the political rights of persons with disabilities. It calls for the NEC to address the challenges faced by person of ...» more

Is child work detrimental to the educational achievement of children?

Tassew Woldehanna and Aregawi Gebremedhin

To what extent does child work have an effect on education? This study adds value to the previous work done by Young Lives in Ethiopia by investigating the causal relationship between child work and education. It finds that child work has an adverse effect on children's educational achievement, and suggests that the Government of Ethiopia should focus on addressing trigger ...» more

Disability and development

More than one billion people (around 15% of the world’s population) are disabled, with 80% of them living in the global South, estimates the first ever World Report on Disability jointly published by the WHO and World Bank in 2011. Furthermore, disabled people are disproportionately represented among the poor, have higher levels of unmet health…» more

Applied research concerning inclusion of persons with disabilities in systems of social protection – quantitative research report (Tanzania)


This quantitative study aims to assess the need for inclusion in social protection among persons with disabilities compared to those without, within three districts in Tanzania.  It finds that the need for health insurance and other social protection schemes among persons with disabilities was not matched by higher, and suggests that the expansion of social protection schemes ...» more

Applied research concerning inclusion of persons with disabilities in systems of social protection: Qualitative research report (Tanzania)


This report presents and analyses data obtained during qualitative interviews, which sought to understand the perceptions and experiences of persons with disabilities and the extent to which existing social protection programmes in Tanzania are inclusive of persons with disabilities. It finds that there is an absence of specific targeted efforted to enrol or collect data on ...» more

State of the world’s minorities and indigenous peoples 2015

Minority Rights Group

In a context of rapid growth, an increasing proportion of minorities and indigenous peoples are now living in urban areas. Under the right conditions minority and indigenous communities have contributed to the growth, development and diversity of their cities. However, the concerns of minorities and indigenous peoples have yet to be mainstreamed into urban policy to the same ...» more

Increasing youth participation in accountability mechanisms

The literature argues that empowering, organising, capacity-building and partnering with young people can contribute to good governance and improved accountability of governments (DANIDA, 2007; UNDP, 2006; Walton, 2010). To this end, governments, donors and NGOs have supported a variety of interventions that encourage youth participation both formally and informally. The extent ...» more

Social exclusion

This publication aims to introduce some of the best literature on the definitions, understandings, causes, and impact of social exclusion, as well as how exclusion can be measured and addressed by governments, civil society actors and international organisations. The guide was written by Seema Khan (GSDRC), in close collaboration with Professor Frances Stewart (Centre for ...» more

Child-sensitive social protection in Fiji: Assessment of the care and protection allowance

Stephen Kidd, Tareq Abu-el-Haj, Carol Watson, Jonathan Sibley, Bjorn Gelders and Gabrielle Smith

Despite Fiji’s status as a middle-income country, a high proportion of children live in poor and income-insecure families. This report reviews the Department of Social Welfare’s Care & Protection Allowance, highlighting that its current impact is limited by low coverage and the exclusion of beneficiaries from receiving other social security. The report recommends extending ...» more

All under one roof: Disability-inclusive shelter and settlements in emergencies


This technical guide aims to bridge the gap between good intentions and practical implementation for disability-inclusive shelter and settlement support in emergencies. Although the primary audience is staff and volunteers from across the IFRC Movement, this guide looks to transform the way humanitarian organisations approach inclusion and accessibility in their shelter and ...» more

Deliberation and development: Rethinking the role of voice and collective action in unequal societies

Patrick Heller & Vijayendra Rao (eds.)

Deliberation is the process by which a group of people, each with equal voice, can - via a process of discussion and debate - reach an agreement. This edited book aims to do two things: rethink the role of deliberation in development and demonstrate that taking deliberation seriously calls for a different approach to both research and policy design. It highlights that much ...» more

Evidence on outcomes of an inclusive societies approach

This annotated bibliography covers 80 studies that include some evidence of inclusive outcomes. The studies range across sectors, such as the political sphere, health, and education; across groups, such as people with disabilities, women and ethnic minorities; and across indicators, such as increased growth, school enrolment, and policy changes. Several types of intervention ...» more