Disability in Syria

This rapid review is based on 5 days of desk-based research. It is designed to provide a brief overview of the key issues, and a summary of pertinent evidence found within the time permitted.  The literature was identified using two methods. Firstly, a number of experts were identified and contacted. They were asked to provide comments, references and information relevant to ...» more

“Working to improve our own future”: Inclusion of women and girls with disabilities in humanitarian action

Women's Refugee Commission

While humanitarian organisations are increasingly recognising people with disabilities, women and girls with disabilities are often under-represented in gender, protection and disability forums. This report documents positive practices, gaps and opportunities for the inclusion of women and girls with disabilities in humanitarian programming, as well the role of women's DPOs in ...» more

Disability in humanitarian context: Views from affected people and field organisations

Handicap International

This report is based on the results of a global consultation carried out in 2015 as a contribution to the World Humanitarian Summit and is intended to better identify the changes needed for a disability-inclusive humanitarian response. A total of 769 responses were collected through three online surveys. Answers were collected from 484 people with disabilities, including 400 ...» more

Disability inclusion

Access Bangladesh Foundation supports an association of former beggars turned street vendors

This topic guide summarises some of the most rigorous available evidence on the key debates and challenges of disability inclusion in development and humanitarian response. Disability does not necessary imply limited wellbeing and poverty. Yet there is growing evidence that the estimated one billion people with disabilities face attitudinal, physical and institutional ...» more

Social development and human development

Charlotte Kesl / World Bank (A school in Colombia)

This Topic Guide aims to answer the question ‘What is the interaction between social development issues and human development outcomes?’ An individual’s right to lead a long and healthy life, to be educated and to enjoy a decent standard of living cannot be realised without addressing social development issues. This is because these issues determine individuals’ access to ...» more

Disability inclusion in the voter registration processes

Cambodian Disabled People's Organisation

Despite a number of laws protecting people with disabilities, elections in Cambodia are not yet inclusive. This report identifies challenges, good practice and steps that Cambodia's government, election administrators and civil society can take to protect the political rights of persons with disabilities. It calls for the NEC to address the challenges faced by person of ...» more

Disability and development

More than one billion people (around 15% of the world’s population) are disabled, with 80% of them living in the global South, estimates the first ever World Report on Disability jointly published by the WHO and World Bank in 2011. Furthermore, disabled people are disproportionately represented among the poor, have higher levels of unmet health…» more

Applied research concerning inclusion of persons with disabilities in systems of social protection – quantitative research report (Tanzania)


This quantitative study aims to assess the need for inclusion in social protection among persons with disabilities compared to those without, within three districts in Tanzania.  It finds that the need for health insurance and other social protection schemes among persons with disabilities was not matched by higher, and suggests that the expansion of social protection schemes ...» more

Applied research concerning inclusion of persons with disabilities in systems of social protection: Qualitative research report (Tanzania)


This report presents and analyses data obtained during qualitative interviews, which sought to understand the perceptions and experiences of persons with disabilities and the extent to which existing social protection programmes in Tanzania are inclusive of persons with disabilities. It finds that there is an absence of specific targeted efforted to enrol or collect data on ...» more

Social exclusion

This publication aims to introduce some of the best literature on the definitions, understandings, causes, and impact of social exclusion, as well as how exclusion can be measured and addressed by governments, civil society actors and international organisations. The guide was written by Seema Khan (GSDRC), in close collaboration with Professor Frances Stewart (Centre for ...» more

All under one roof: Disability-inclusive shelter and settlements in emergencies


This technical guide aims to bridge the gap between good intentions and practical implementation for disability-inclusive shelter and settlement support in emergencies. Although the primary audience is staff and volunteers from across the IFRC Movement, this guide looks to transform the way humanitarian organisations approach inclusion and accessibility in their shelter and ...» more

Including People with Disabilities in Emergency Relief Efforts

Pauline Oosterhoff, Maria Kett

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that around 15 per cent of the world’s population, or one billion people, have some form of disability. According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 80 per cent live in poor countries, where communities are already more vulnerable to disasters and crises such as the current Ebola epidemic, with people with ...» more

The Involvement of Persons with Disabilities in Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Efforts: Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (PWD) as Part of the Solution in the Post-Conflict Arena

World Institute on Disability

This paper examines how and why people with disabilities (PWD) should be included in the conflict resolution and peace process. There has only been one case study examining the experiences of persons disabled by war in the peace process. The paper uses this case study, which took place in Sierra Leone. It also draws from literature research, discussions with experts in the ...» more

Examining Inclusion: Disability and Community Driven Development

World Bank

This note discusses the varied strategies adopted by Community Driven Development (CDD) programs to ensure the inclusion of disabled people. It is based on five case studies, which represent a wide spectrum of approaches ranging from micro interventions for building social capital and community-based rehabilitation, to macro strategies for policy reform and advocacy efforts ...» more

Disability Inclusion: Translating Policy into Practice in Humanitarian Action

Women’s Refugee Commission

An estimated 6.7 million persons with disabilities are forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence and human rights violations. In 2008, the Women’s Refugee Commission (WRC) conducted a study and released a report on Disabilities among Refugee and Conflict-Affected Populations, which identified that persons with disabilities have ...» more

Social protection programmes for people with disabilities

This mapping report gives an overview of nine social protection programmes for people with disabilities. The programmes are all run by governments of low income or lower middle income states in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Many of the programmes have been established within the last decade, for example in Uganda, Kenya and Indonesia, and may still be in trial and error mode. ...» more

Community-driven development and indigenous, ethnic minority, and disability issues

Few CDD programmes explicitly address minority issues. Many programmes target vulnerable groups such as women, youth, disabled, ethnic minorities, but as one group rather than distinguishing their differing needs. Few programmes are targeted specifically at vulnerable groups alone. Many programmes focus on reducing poverty and vulnerability, with the implicit assumption that ...» more

Disability inclusion in social protection

Key Findings: Three types of programmes: i) targeted specifically at people with disabilities; ii) mainstream programmes; and iii) targeted mainstream programmes explicitly including people with disabilities. Targeting: programmes can target all disabled people, or be means tested for a particular level or type of disability, or targeted at children with disabilities. ...» more

Triple Jeopardy: Gender-based violence and human rights violations experienced by women with disabilities in Cambodia

Jill Astbury, Fareen Walji

Cambodian women with disabilities experience multiple disadvantages resulting from the interplay between gender, disability and poverty. This participatory research project, developed collaboratively between Australian and Cambodian partners, investigated prevalence and experiences of gender-based violence of women with disabilities in comparison to women without disabilities; ...» more

Economic Benefits of Disability-Inclusive Development

Key findings: The economic benefits of adopting a disability-inclusive approach to development are widely acknowledged, but these benefits are complex and difficult to quantify. As a result, few empirical studies provide a sustained analysis of them. Furthermore, there are few reports or evaluations from implementing agencies that present evidence on the economic impacts of ...» more