Children / youth

Youth unemployment and violence

This literature review looks at whether there is evidence of a causal link between youth unemployment and violence in developing countries, focusing on crime, gang violence and domestic violence. It also looks at female youth unemployment, donor programming, and areas where more research is needed. A causal link between youth unemployment and violence is widely assumed, but ...» more

Primary and secondary prevention of child protection violations

While the knowledge base on the prevention of child protection violations in low- or middle-income countries (LMICs) is limited, there are robust, promising findings. The majority of findings suggest that if the core elements of interventions are preserved, the translation of interventions from high-income countries (HICs) to LMICs can be effective. For instance, parenting ...» more

Impacts of social protection programmes on children

The impact of social protection on children is under-researched. Key findings and insights from the literature include: Multidimensional social protection systems have had positive impacts on addressing economic and human development, multiple vulnerabilities, and both social and economic inequities. Child-sensitive social protection programmes are more intentionally ...» more

8th annual ASDA’A Burson-Marsteller Arab youth survey: Inside the hearts and minds of Arab youth.

ASDA’A Burson-Marsteller
2016

There are 200 million young people in the Middle East and North Africa. This white paper provides a snapshot of the ambitions, hopes and fears of young people at a challenging time for the region. The survey asks young Arabs to share their views on a range of topics including: the economy, the impact of the Arab Spring and their media consumption habits. It highlights the lack ...» more

Adolescent boys and young men

Jane Kato-Wallace, Gary Barker, Leyla Sharafi, Luis Mora, and Giovanna Lauro
2016

While there has been an increased focus on engaging adolescent boys and young men in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and gender equality, and an increased recognition in the mutual benefit  this brings, it is often still not a priority. This paper argues that the need for this engagement and the importance of addressing the specific health and social ...» more

Youth and jobs

When jobs are scarce it is young people who are hit the hardest as they are either unable to enter the workplace or are the first to be fired. According to the World Bank (2015), one third of the world’s 1.8 billion young people are not in employment, education or training (NEET), and only 40%…» more

Webinar video: Demographic shifts

The next decade will see the global population rise by 1 billion. The current youth bulge (there are an estimated 1.5 billion young people in the world today) is expected to give way to a rapidly ageing population by 2050. What does this mean for the development community? Dr Laura Camfield (UEA) and Prof Asghar Zaidi (University of…» more

From rhetoric to action: Towards an enabling environment for child and youth development in the SDGs

Cristina Bacalso, Alex Farrow, Andreas Karsten, and Dragan Milhajlovic
2016

What is the enabling environment that ensures children and young people have access to their rights, can influence decisions, and have improved livelihoods? This report aims to stimulate discussion and action by decision-makers and serve to inform the strategic thinking, programming and practice. It confirms well-known hindrances, identifies opportunities, and highlights how ...» more

Youth unemployment, education and political instability: evidence from selected developing countries 1991-2009

Therese F. Azeng & Thierry U. Yogo
2015

What is the relationship between youth unemployment and political instability? This working paper explores how youth unemployment is associated with political violence and armed conflict in developing countries. It suggests that youth unemployment is a symptom rather than a cause of political instability; there is a positive effect of youth unemployment on political violence ...» more

Children and young people

Why do children and young people matter in development? Firstly, there are a lot of them – in Sub-Saharan Africa under-15s represent 43% of the population (Population Reference Bureau, 2015). Secondly, they are often disproportionately affected by poverty – in the UK 28% of children live in households below the poverty line (Department of Work…» more

Reaching boiling point: high school activism in Afghanistan

Antonio Giustozzi & Ali Mohmmad Ali
2015

This research paper explores patterns of politicisation in Afghanistan’s high schools.  It reveals how the ban on political activities within schools has had little impact, and explores how the reproduction of the political establishment within schools poses a potential risk to Afghanistan's future stability. It suggests two ways to address this: (1) revoking the ban in order ...» more

Social development and human development

This Topic Guide aims to answer the question ‘What is the interaction between social development issues and human development outcomes?’ An individual’s right to lead a long and healthy life, to be educated and to enjoy a decent standard of living cannot be realised without addressing social development issues. This is because these issues determine individuals’ access to ...» more

Is child work detrimental to the educational achievement of children?

Tassew Woldehanna and Aregawi Gebremedhin
2015

To what extent does child work have an effect on education? This study adds value to the previous work done by Young Lives in Ethiopia by investigating the causal relationship between child work and education. It finds that child work has an adverse effect on children's educational achievement, and suggests that the Government of Ethiopia should focus on addressing trigger ...» more

Increasing youth participation in accountability mechanisms

The literature argues that empowering, organising, capacity-building and partnering with young people can contribute to good governance and improved accountability of governments (DANIDA, 2007; UNDP, 2006; Walton, 2010). To this end, governments, donors and NGOs have supported a variety of interventions that encourage youth participation both formally and informally. The extent ...» more

Social exclusion

This publication aims to introduce some of the best literature on the definitions, understandings, causes, and impact of social exclusion, as well as how exclusion can be measured and addressed by governments, civil society actors and international organisations. The guide was written by Seema Khan (GSDRC), in close collaboration with Professor Frances Stewart (Centre for ...» more

Child-sensitive social protection in Fiji: Assessment of the care and protection allowance

Stephen Kidd, Tareq Abu-el-Haj, Carol Watson, Jonathan Sibley, Bjorn Gelders and Gabrielle Smith
2015

Despite Fiji’s status as a middle-income country, a high proportion of children live in poor and income-insecure families. This report reviews the Department of Social Welfare’s Care & Protection Allowance, highlighting that its current impact is limited by low coverage and the exclusion of beneficiaries from receiving other social security. The report recommends extending ...» more

Theorising age and generation in development: A relational approach

Roy Huijsmans et al.
2014

Despite young people’s presence as targets of development interventions and as a sub-field within wider developmental concerns, generational perspectives pertaining to young people remain too often absent. This introduction to a special issue outlines the analytical approach of ‘generationing’ development. It argues that life phases matter and seeks to explore how young ...» more

Growing up in Ethiopia and Andhra Pradesh: The impact of social protection schemes on girl’s roles and responsibilities

Laura Camfield
2014

Contrary to popular understanding, there is little evidence that increasing participation in social protection enhances the development of girls in participating households. What happens to girls’ roles and responsibilities when households participate in social protection schemes in rural Ethiopia and Andhra Pradesh? This article argues that effects cannot be answered with a ...» more