Inequalities & exclusion

Youth unemployment and violence

This literature review looks at whether there is evidence of a causal link between youth unemployment and violence in developing countries, focusing on crime, gang violence and domestic violence. It also looks at female youth unemployment, donor programming, and areas where more research is needed. A causal link between youth unemployment and violence is widely assumed, but ...» more

Primary and secondary prevention of child protection violations

While the knowledge base on the prevention of child protection violations in low- or middle-income countries (LMICs) is limited, there are robust, promising findings. The majority of findings suggest that if the core elements of interventions are preserved, the translation of interventions from high-income countries (HICs) to LMICs can be effective. For instance, parenting ...» more

State of the world’s minorities and indigenous peoples 2016

Minority Rights Group
2016

While economics and politics often dominate discussions about minority and indigenous communities’ rights, culture is no less important. A right to culture is central to the enjoyment of a range of rights, from education and health to language and livelihoods. However, even in contexts where cultural rights are well established, they rely on a constant reaffirmation of ...» more

“Working to improve our own future”: Inclusion of women and girls with disabilities in humanitarian action

Women's Refugee Commission
2016

While humanitarian organisations are increasingly recognising people with disabilities, women and girls with disabilities are often under-represented in gender, protection and disability forums. This report documents positive practices, gaps and opportunities for the inclusion of women and girls with disabilities in humanitarian programming, as well the role of women's DPOs in ...» more

Impacts of social protection programmes on children

The impact of social protection on children is under-researched. Key findings and insights from the literature include: Multidimensional social protection systems have had positive impacts on addressing economic and human development, multiple vulnerabilities, and both social and economic inequities. Child-sensitive social protection programmes are more intentionally ...» more

Identity

What is identity? Identity is as much about how people describe themselves and others as it is inherently about difference – defining a group with regards to dissimilarities in cultural, gendered, sexual, ethnic or national markers among others. Questions relating to identity may also be buried in other terms and framing depending on context –…» more

8th annual ASDA’A Burson-Marsteller Arab youth survey: Inside the hearts and minds of Arab youth.

ASDA’A Burson-Marsteller
2016

There are 200 million young people in the Middle East and North Africa. This white paper provides a snapshot of the ambitions, hopes and fears of young people at a challenging time for the region. The survey asks young Arabs to share their views on a range of topics including: the economy, the impact of the Arab Spring and their media consumption habits. It highlights the lack ...» more

Adolescent boys and young men

Jane Kato-Wallace, Gary Barker, Leyla Sharafi, Luis Mora, and Giovanna Lauro
2016

While there has been an increased focus on engaging adolescent boys and young men in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and gender equality, and an increased recognition in the mutual benefit  this brings, it is often still not a priority. This paper argues that the need for this engagement and the importance of addressing the specific health and social ...» more

Youth and jobs

When jobs are scarce it is young people who are hit the hardest as they are either unable to enter the workplace or are the first to be fired. According to the World Bank (2015), one third of the world’s 1.8 billion young people are not in employment, education or training (NEET), and only 40%…» more

Good neighbours? Africans express high levels of tolerance for many, but not for all

Boniface Dulani, Gift Sambo, and Kim Yi Dionne
2016

This report presents new findings on tolerance in Africa from Afrobarometer Round 6 surveys in 33 countries in 2014/2015. (The questions on tolerance were not asked in Algeria, Egypt, and Sudan because research partners deemed the question about tolerance for homosexuals too sensitive.) The survey asks respondents whether they would like, dislike, or be indifferent to having ...» more

Webinar video: Demographic shifts

The next decade will see the global population rise by 1 billion. The current youth bulge (there are an estimated 1.5 billion young people in the world today) is expected to give way to a rapidly ageing population by 2050. What does this mean for the development community? Dr Laura Camfield (UEA) and Prof Asghar Zaidi (University of…» more

Building social cohesion in post-conflict situations

The approaches covered in this report include community-driven development, job creation, social protection and education. Whilst in theory there are strong links between these and social cohesion, there is very little rigorous empirical evidence to verify these links.  More specifically, the literature highlights that: Community-driven development (CDD) programmes promote ...» more

From rhetoric to action: Towards an enabling environment for child and youth development in the SDGs

Cristina Bacalso, Alex Farrow, Andreas Karsten, and Dragan Milhajlovic
2016

What is the enabling environment that ensures children and young people have access to their rights, can influence decisions, and have improved livelihoods? This report aims to stimulate discussion and action by decision-makers and serve to inform the strategic thinking, programming and practice. It confirms well-known hindrances, identifies opportunities, and highlights how ...» more

Ethnic heterogeneity and public goods provision in Zambia: Evidence of a subnational ‘‘diversity dividend”

Rachel M. Gisselquist, Stefan Leidere and Miguel Nino-zarazua
2015

This article challenges the ‘‘diversity debit” hypothesis that ethnic diversity has a negative impact on social, economic, and political outcomes. It argues that rather than focus on why this is the case, research should seek to explore the underlying mechanisms of such negative relationship, specifically why these relationships may differ across sub-national budgetary and ...» more

Disability in humanitarian context: Views from affected people and field organisations

Handicap International
2015

This report is based on the results of a global consultation carried out in 2015 as a contribution to the World Humanitarian Summit and is intended to better identify the changes needed for a disability-inclusive humanitarian response. A total of 769 responses were collected through three online surveys. Answers were collected from 484 people with disabilities, including 400 ...» more

Growth and income inequality effects on poverty: The case of Pakistan (1988 –2011)

Haroon Jamal
2015

This study scrutinizes Pakistan’s statistics on growth, poverty and inequality in terms of poverty decomposition into growth and distribution components and assessment of growth in terms of its distributional neutrality with the help of widely-used statistical tools. Decomposition of poverty into growth and inequality components answers the question of what poverty outcomes ...» more

In quest of inclusive progress: Exploring intersecting inequalities in human development

Amanda Lenhardt and Emma Samman
2015

To what extent do wealth status, urban/rural place of residence and ethnicity – and their intersection – explain inequalities in education and health? This paper traces the changes that have occurred in these intersecting inequalities in 16 countries over periods of approximately ten years.  It finds that people who experience intersecting disadvantages have been left behind by ...» more

Inclusive institutions

The term ‘inclusive institutions’ does not refer to a clearly defined field of theory or policy within international development, but to a normative sensibility that stands in favour of inclusion as the benchmark against which institutions can be judged and also promoted. Inclusive institutions are usually portrayed as both a means through which inclusive development…» more