Men & masculinities

Adolescent boys and young men

Jane Kato-Wallace, Gary Barker, Leyla Sharafi, Luis Mora, and Giovanna Lauro

While there has been an increased focus on engaging adolescent boys and young men in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and gender equality, and an increased recognition in the mutual benefit  this brings, it is often still not a priority. This paper argues that the need for this engagement and the importance of addressing the specific health and social ...» more

The other side of gender inequality: Men and masculinities in Afghanistan

Chona R. Echavez, SayedMahdi Mosawi and Leah Wilfreda RE Pilongo

The purpose of the research is to achieve an in-depth understanding of different notions of being a man in Afghanistan and how they contribute to gender inequality. This report is the result of a collaborative research project by the Swedish Committee for Afghanistan (SCA) and the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) that is designed to inform both policy and ...» more

Gender and complaints mechanisms

Megan Bastick

This handbook aims to bring together and share knowledge and experience from NATO, Partner and Allied armed forces on prevention of misconduct and the handling and monitoring of complaints within armed forces, with particular regard to gender. It provides resources for: establishing a safe and non-discriminatory environment for men and women in the armed forces; dealing ...» more

Gender and humanitarian issues

A wealth of academic research and UN, INGO, NGO and CSO publications document the differences between the needs, capacities and perceptions of women and men and boys and girls on the types of humanitarian assistance needed in a natural or man-made disaster. When these different perspectives are not taken into account interventions are not effective…» more

Men, masculinities, and changing power

MenEngage Alliance, UN Women, UNFPA

The world is still far from achieving equality between women and men, but by many measures—including health, education, political participation, and income— it is closer to it than it was 20 years ago. This discussion paper draws on examples of various initiatives and research from around the world that illustrate global progress on men's engagement in gender equality in ...» more

Transforming gender roles in domestic and caregiving work: preliminary findings from engaging fathers in maternal, newborn, and child health in Rwanda

Kate Doyle, Jane Kato-Wallace, Shamsi Kazimbaya, Gary Barker

This article draws on Promundo and RWAMREC's programmatic experiences in Rwanda of implementing MenCare+, a gender transformative approach to engaging young and adult men (ages 15–35) in caregiving, maternal, newborn, and child health, and sexual and reproductive health and rights. The paper presents initial results from fathers' groups with more than 600 men, including the ...» more

Links between women’s empowerment (or lack of) and outbreaks of violent conflict

A number of studies quantitatively find a strong correlation between levels of gender inequality and conflict. They find that gender inequality increases the likelihood that a state will have internal conflict and international disputes. There is substantial evidence that traditional patriarchal gender identities lead to militaristic and violent conflict approaches. Women ...» more

Links between gender-based violence and outbreaks of violent conflict

Gender-based violence (GBV) is prevalent in all contexts and countries of the world. There are studies that quantitatively find a strong correlation between levels of structural/institutional GBV (manifested as gender inequality) and conflict (e.g. Caprioli, 2005, etc). They find that gender inequality increases the likelihood that a state will have internal conflict. Countries ...» more

The Other Side of Gender: Men as Critical Agents of Change

Joseph Vess, Gary Barker, Sanam Naraghi-Anderlini, Alexa Hassink

Better understanding of how experiences in war change men’s roles and identities can lead to better interventions to help men deal with the trauma of war violence, to combat gender-based violence, and equip men as agents of peace in their post-conflict communities. Based on their review of existing work to help men in post-conflict settings, five leading experts recommend a ...» more

Men as perpetrators and victims of armed conflicts: Innovative projects aimed at overcoming male violence

Rita Schäfer

A more detailed analysis of various diverging war experiences of boys, male adolescents and men is essential for development cooperation in post-war societies and must be taken into consideration for project planning and implementation. Differentiated gender perspectives are required in order to put an end to tolerated, widespread gender-specific and sexualized violence. In ...» more

Engaging Men to Prevent Gender-based Violence: A Multi-country Intervention and Impact Evaluation Study


This report documents the implementation of a multi-country project to engage men and boys in preventing violence against women and promote gender equality. Project activities in each country varied but all included educational workshops with men and young men on gender equity and training programs with partner staff on evidence-based methodologies for the prevention of ...» more

Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES)

Gary Barker et al.

The International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) is a comprehensive household questionnaire on men’s attitudes and practices – along with women’s opinions and reports of men’s practices – on a wide variety of topics related to gender equality. From 2009 to 2010, household surveys were administered to more than 8,000 men and 3,500 women ages 18-59 in Brazil, Chile, ...» more

The Other Side of Gender: Including Masculinity Concerns in Conflict and Peacebuilding

Nina Sudhakar, Kathleen Kuehnast

Gender analysis often fails to acknowledge that men also possess gender identities: the term gender encompasses social, cultural and economic considerations and (changing) power dynamics between and among men and women. This brief highlights that taking a more inclusive view of gender roles in conflict, and recognising that these roles are dynamic, can lead to more informed ...» more

Timepass: Youth, class, and time among unemployed young men in India

Through an analysis of unemployed young men in Uttar Pradesh, this article provides an ethnographic perspective on the relationship between economic reform in India and the insecurities of marginalised young men. It informs broader understandings of the temporal and spatial insecurities of young people marginalised by processes of neoliberal economic change, Exploring how ...» more

Why Do Soldiers Rape? Masculinity, Violence, and Sexuality in the Armed Forces in the Congo (DRC)

Maria Baaz, Maria Stern

This article explores the ways soldiers in the Congo speak about the massive amount of rape committed by the armed forces in the recent war in the DRC. It focuses on the reasons that the soldiers give to why rape occurs. It discusses how the soldiers distinguish between 'lust rapes' and 'evil rapes' and argues that their explanations of rape must be understood in relation to ...» more

Reconstructing Masculinities: The Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration of Former Combatants in Colombia

Kimberly Theidon

A key component of peace processes and post-conflict reconstruction is the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) of ex-combatants. This article argues that DDR programs imply multiple transitions: from the combatants who lay down their weapons, to the governments that seek an end to armed conflict, to the communities that receive—or reject—these demobilized ...» more

Marriage, Motherhood and Masculinity in the Global Economy: Reconfigurations of Personal and Economic Life

Naila Kabeer

Is the rise of women in the labour market changing the perception of their role in the home? This study explores how women and men are dealing with the feminisation of labour markets in the face of the prevalence of male breadwinner ideologies and the apparent threat to male authority represented by women's earnings. It shows that most working women continue to bear a ...» more

Young Men and the Construction of Masculinity in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for HIV/AIDS, Conflict and Violence

Gary Barker, Christine Ricardo

This paper advocates an approach to gender issues that includes men and boys. It shows how applying a more sophisticated gender analysis to conflict and to HIV/AIDS increases understanding of how men and women, and boys and girls, are made vulnerable by rigid notions of manhood and gender hierarchies. The paper also finds that versions of manhood in Africa are socially ...» more