Quantitative and qualitative methods in impact evaluation and measuring results

There has been a renewed interest in impact evaluation in recent years amongst development agencies and donors. Additional attention was drawn to the issue recently by a Center for Global Development (CGD) report calling for more rigorous impact evaluations, where ‘rigorous’ was taken to mean studies which tackle the selection bias aspect of the attribution problem. This ...» more

Community Participation in Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery

Much of the literature on participation in emergencies focuses on the role of community engagement in disaster preparedness. However, the literature that does address participatory approaches in disaster-affected contexts highlights the advantages, which include better analysis, effective programming and implementation, and increased accountability. In addition, such ...» more

Who Counts? The Quiet Revolution of Participation and Numbers

Robert Chambers

How do participatory approaches generate numbers? A range of participatory methods have been developed, many visual and tangible, by which local people themselves produce numbers. This Institute for Development Studies (IDS) paper provides an overview of the field, building a case for more widespread use of participatory numbers in development practice and research. It argues ...» more

Evaluation of Citizens’ Voice and Accountability: Review of the Literature and Donor Approaches

T O Neil, M Foresti

How can the effectiveness of voice and accountability (V&A) interventions be assessed? This paper from the Department for International Development (DFID) reviews the strategy and policy documents of seven DAC donors in order to contribute to the design of a V&A evaluation framework. Donors need to give higher priority to evaluation research and the development of performance ...» more

Listening for Change: Participatory Evaluations of DDR and Arms Reduction in Mali, Cambodia and Albania

Robert Muggah

Development planners regularly use participatory approaches in the design, implementation and evaluation of their projects. Disarmament specialists, however, have tended to underestimate the potential importance of participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) to disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) and arms reduction. This report from the United Nation ...» more

From Exchanging Weapons for Development to Security Sector Reform in Albania: Gaps and Grey Areas in Weapon Collection Programmes Assessed by Local People

Geofrey Mugumya

How can local communities be better integrated into weapon collection programmes? This report from the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) presents findings from a study of weapon collection programmes in Albania. The findings indicate that there is a clear need for participatory approaches in weapon collection and weapons for development (WfD) ...» more

Strengthening Participatory Approaches to Local Governance: Learning the Lessons from Abroad

J Gaventa

What mechanisms exist to enable citizens’ participation in local government? What strategies could strengthen participatory governance? This paper from the National Civic Review surveys approaches to citizen engagement worldwide and examines the institutional, legal and political elements necessary to promote participatory governance. Greater citizen engagement can address ...» more

Managing Fiduciary Risk When Providing Poverty Reduction Budget Support

Department for International Development

Do the potential developmental benefits of providing Poverty Reduction Budget Support (PRBS) justify the risks involved? DFID is accountable to Parliament for the use of taxpayers’ funds. Making sure that aid resources are utilised for the intended purposes, properly accounted for and that they deliver value for money is therefore part of DFID’s main responsibilities. This ...» more

Donor Participatory Governance Evaluation: Initial Trends, Implications, Opportunities, Constraints

I Kapoor

What are current trends in participatory approaches to governance evaluation (GE)? How do political, institutional and methodological issues impact? Which questions have donors failed to address? This article, from the Faculty of Environmental Studies at York University, Canada, appears in the Journal of International Development and is an updated version of the 1999 article, ...» more

Modern Policy Making: Ensuring Policies Deliver Value for Money

UK National Audit Office

Departments spend some 350 billion pounds a year on a range of services and activities intended to benefit citizens. If policies are not well designed and implemented the consequences can be serious. For example, public services may be of poor quality, may not meet users’ expectations, those intended to benefit may not do so, or groups in society may be excluded. What can be ...» more