Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire? Migration from Fragile States to Fragile States

Anke Hoeffler

Fragile states contributed 18 million migrants and 8 million refugees in 2000. More than 20% of these migrants and more than half of the refugees settle in other fragile states. Thus, migration is likely to be both a consequence and a possible cause of conflict and fragility. This paper asks why people from fragile states would want to move to another fragile state. Is it ...» more

Writing the ‘Other’ into humanitarian discourse: framing theory and practice in South–South humanitarian responses to forced displacement

Julia Pacitto, Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

Although Southern-led development initiatives have enjoyed increasing attention by academics in recent years, there remains a relative paucity of research on South-South humanitarian responses. This paper investigates South-South humanitarian action because of the potential it has to demand a radical reconceptualization of dominant humanitarian theory. A preliminary mapping ...» more

Democratic Republic of the Congo internally displaced persons and refugees’ relations with host communities

This is a relatively unexplored area with the literature limited mainly to NGO reports. However a few studies have looked at the questions and find that the reasons IDPs/refugees choose to stay with host communities are a combination of factors relating to their physical, emotional and spiritual security, including: They have a negative perception of the conditions in camps and ...» more

Sanctuary in the city? Urban displacement and vulnerability

Simone Haysom

Little is known about how displaced people negotiate the urban environment, their relationships with host communities and governance institutions and their specific vulnerabilities as compared with other urban residents. This report collates the main findings of a two-year research project, which involved seven in-depth case studies – Nairobi, Kenya; Yei, South Sudan; Damascus, ...» more

Call Detail Records: The use of mobile phone data to track and predict population displacement in disasters


Information about the displacement of people after disasters is crucial in determining the scale and impact of the emergency, and is vital for conducting humanitarian needs assessment on the ground. Methods to forecast or detect such migration are however very limited at present. However, this paper suggests that geo-referenced mobile phone call data could help to forecast ...» more

Shifting Sands: Changing gender roles among refugees in Lebanon

Roula El-Masri, Clare Harvey,, Rosa Garwood

This report, based on a rapid gender situation and vulnerability assessment, finds that many refugee men are experiencing severe stress and feelings of powerlessness because they are unable to fulfil their traditional role as family provider and protector. Many refugee women and girls no longer have access to the resources and services they used to have in Syria before the ...» more

Responding to the Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon – lessons learned

Three groups of lessons emerge from the literature: Political lessons include: understanding Lebanon’s historic refugee experience; understanding how sectarian divisions affect policy and decision-making; the limitations of excluding key stakeholders; and understanding historic relations between refugees and host communities. Strategic lessons include developing a medium-term ...» more

World Disasters Report 2012: Focus on forced migration and displacement

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Over 70 million people are forced migrants displaced by conflict, political upheaval, violence and disasters but also by climate change and development projects. Although rapid-onset events such as conflict or disaster may be the immediate reason forcing people to leave their homes, the search for better economic opportunities, slow-onset and progressive environmental ...» more

Preventing conflict between refugees and host communities

This report includes programme examples from 13 countries. It highlights three main types of programme designed to tackle tensions and conflicts between refugees and host communities:Integrated humanitarian and development programmes – these seek to balance assistance to both refugee and host communities, or integrate services provided to them. Conflict resolution programmes – ...» more

Humanitarian work in Syria and Yemen

Syria and Yemen are both experiencing immense humanitarian and development challenges. Violent conflict, political and civil unrest, rising food and fuel prices, mass unemployment and breakdown in social services have contributed to massive displacement, food insecurity and acute malnutrition, difficult living conditions, lack of basic services and poor housing. Neighbouring ...» more

The Road to the New Deal

International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding

This report is a collection of working papers which were produced for the IDPS to help foster discussion at the four Working Groups that met between November 2010 and May 2011. The recommendations produced from these working papers and the discussions during the Working Groups meetings were used to produce the new Deal for Engagement in Fragile States, the ground-breaking ...» more

Refugees and IDPs after Conflict: Why They Do Not Go Home

Patricia Weiss Fagen

National and international programmes to return refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) to their homes after conflict frequently leave far too many without viable futures. Using Bosnia, Afghanistan, Iraq and Burundi as case studies, this paper argues that the effects of protracted conflict and displacement mean that, for many, returning home is not a viable solution. ...» more

Transitional Justice and Displacement

Roger Duthie

How does transitional justice fit within broader responses to the problem of displacement? Conflict-induced displacement is an important factor in contexts in which transitional justice operates, yet displacement has received little attention in the literature and practice of transitional justice. This article argues that transitional justice can and should address ...» more

Report of the Representative of the Secretary-General on the human rights of internally displaced persons: Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons

Walter Kälin

Displacement is a life-changing event. While the experience of displacement cannot be undone, internally displaced persons (IDPs) need to be able to resume a normal life by achieving a durable solution.This report sets out a framework on durable solutions for internally displaced persons. It is organised around four questions: what is a durable solution for internally displaced ...» more

Working Paper on Preventing and Responding to Sexual Violence against Women Displaced by Conflict

Donald Steinberg

This working paper considers ways to enhance the capacity of UN agencies, host governments, donors and civil society to prevent and respond to sexual violence against women displaced by conflict. From March-May 2010, the Civil Society Advisory Group to the UN on Women, Peace and Security (CSAG) reviewed a wide variety of reports and projects, engaged in three-dozen interviews ...» more

Displacing Insecurity in a Divided World: Global Security, International Development and the Endless Accumulation of Capital

Marcus Taylor

What are the socio-economic and ecological effects of mass-production in the South for the purpose of matching mass-consumption in the North? This Third World Quarterly article examines the two levels of the process of displacement, which in the current global capitalist order inherently displaces insecurity onto marginalised populations in order to reproduce the social ...» more

War on the Displaced: Sri Lankan Army and LTTE Abuses against Civilians in the Vanni

Human Rights Watch

During their decade-long civil war, Sri Lankan forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) appeared to be competing in a contest to demonstrate the greatest disregard for civilians. This Human Rights Watch publication recounts human rights abuses of civilians in the Vanni region perpetrated by both Sri Lankan parties and calls for an end to using civilians for ...» more

In Search of Shelter: Mapping the Effects of Climate Change on Human Migration and Displacement

Koko Warner et al.

To what extent is climate change causing – and is likely to cause – the displacement and migration of people around the world? How should policymakers respond? This report draws on empirical evidence from a first-time, multi-continent survey of environmental change and migration. It argues that climate-related migration and displacement can be successfully addressed ...» more

(Re)Imagining Coexistence: Striving for Sustainable Return, Reintegration and Reconciliation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Huma Haider

How can international and local actors facilitate the sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) to societies that have experienced violent inter-group conflict?  What steps can be taken to renew coexistence and rebuild trust in areas of return?  This article published in the International Journal of Transitional Justice explores initiatives designed ...» more