Disasters

Transitional shelter in post-disaster contexts

Literature on approaches to transitional shelter in post-natural disaster contexts reflects the variety of different approaches and definitions, which complicate understandings of transitional shelter and lessons learned. There are three main approaches to transitional shelter, all of which incorporate disaster risk reduction measures to reduce household ...» more

Disasters, conflict and fragility: A joint agenda

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery
2016

How can the international community better understand the multi-dimensional nature of risk and crises? How can international partners integrate the implications of this analysis for their own strategies and approaches? How can strategic partnerships be strengthened in future engagements in fragile and conflict-affected countries? This paper provides an analysis on current ...» more

The making of a riskier future: How our decisions are shaping future disaster risk

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery
2016

Disaster risks are rapidly increasing around the world. Most disaster risk assessments are focused on current risks, rather than drivers of risks or their dynamics. Drivers are in the control of policymakers, society and individuals but accurate assessment and continuous re-evaluation of risk are required to enable effective risk reduction and prevent drastic increases in ...» more

Essays on humanitarian effectiveness

Fernando Espada (Ed.)
2016

The five essays that form this collection are the result of extensive desk and field research carried out in nine countries: Bangladesh, India, Nepal; Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey; Liberia; Niger; and the Philippines. The essays are part of a project by Save The Children’s Humanitarian Affairs Team, in partnership with the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute at the ...» more

Seasonal vulnerability and risk calendar in Nepal

Nepal faces many seasonal disasters, including floods, landslides, fires, droughts and diseases. Findings of this rapid review indicates that: Most people are killed and injured during July–September which is in the monsoon period. Preparedness activities could take place in anticipation of seasonal disasters. The Tarai is vulnerable to floods, lightening, epidemics and ...» more

National Disaster Management Authorities

This review has found, as did a Brookings literature review by Ferris (2014: 6), that there are few published comparative analyses of NDMAs, either on South Asia or worldwide. This review focuses on three cases from South Asia: Bangladesh, Pakistan and India, while it also includes brief information on Afghanistan and Sri Lanka. The key findings on the DRM institutional ...» more

Shock-responsive social protection systems research: Literature review

Oxford Policy Management Limited
2016

What is the relationship between social protection, humanitarian and disaster risk management systems? This literature review consolidates current thinking and emerging evidence on this topic, including ways in which long-term social protection systems can be scaled up to provide support in humanitarian emergencies. The authors reviewed over 400 papers including peer-reviewed ...» more

DisasterNet Philippines: Scoping study report

Vincenzo Bollettino, Philip Dy, Tilly Alcayna and Patrick Vinck
2016

The Philippines is a country disproportionately affected by natural disasters. This scoping study assesses some of the key gaps in disaster preparedness and current limits of disaster resilience strategies. It argues that while the country possesses a robust disaster management system, underlying disparities in wealth, large numbers of informal settlements, and the limited ...» more

Inclusive community-based disaster risk reduction: Guidance on good practice in the Ayeyarwaddy Delta, Myanmar

Myanmar Consortium for Community Resilience
2015

This publication aims to provide guidance on good practice relating to inclusive community-based disaster risk reduction, drawing on the experience of The Myanmar Consortium for Community Resilience (MCCR). The guidance is based on an analysis of project documentation and inputs on what worked well and why, some of the challenges faced, and good practice recommendations ...» more

Disability in humanitarian context: Views from affected people and field organisations

Handicap International
2015

This report is based on the results of a global consultation carried out in 2015 as a contribution to the World Humanitarian Summit and is intended to better identify the changes needed for a disability-inclusive humanitarian response. A total of 769 responses were collected through three online surveys. Answers were collected from 484 people with disabilities, including 400 ...» more

A review of evidence of humanitarian cash transfer programming in urban areas

Gabrielle Smith & Lili Mohiddin
2015

The scale of urbanisation, the nature of urban crises and urban vulnerability are the focus of a growing body of literature, as is the efficiency and effectiveness of cash transfer programming (CTP) – however, much experience of CTP to date has come from rural areas. This raises the question of what cash transfer programming can contribute to urban emergency response and ...» more

Humanitarian trends and challenges for the Pacific region

Katie Peters & Mirianna Budimir
2015

What are the current and post 2015 humanitarian challenges and trends for the Pacific region? The paper provides an overview of the challenges facing Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs). Humanitarian action in the Pacific region is predominantly in response to natural disasters, but the region has also witnessed several conflicts over the past decade, and many ...» more

Disaster risk financing and insurance in the Pacific

The Pacific region has low insurance penetration compared with other parts of the world. General (non-life) insurance penetration for Pacific countries ranged between 0.5% (Indonesia) and 2.5% (Samoa) in 2012. The mean penetration rate for Pacific countries for which data could be obtained was 1.6%, which is considerably less than the rate in Australia (2.2%), half the rate of ...» more

World disasters report 2015: Focus on local actors, the key to humanitarian effectiveness.

World Disasters Report
2015

The importance of local actors to humanitarian action is increasingly recognised. However, they struggle to attract the funding and support they need. This report calls for more support for the role of local actors, without transferring the whole responsibility of responding to large scale disasters to them. Key Findings Local actors often have access to population ...» more

Building resilience in Nepal through public-private partnerships

World Economic Forum
2015

The extent and complexity of the natural risks Nepal faces mean that a multi-stakeholder approach to resilience is vital. How can we build on, and leverage, the capabilities and capacities for resilience in the public and private sectors, as well as civil society?  This use case assesses how buildings and key parts of the economy, such as tourism, can be made more resilient, ...» more

Normative frameworks’ role in addressing gender-based violence in disaster settings

Mireille Le-Ngoc
2015

How do national and international legal frameworks address gender-based violence (GBV) in disaster settings? It highlights that while violence against women should be prevented and addressed according to numerous international instruments, the aftermath of disasters often increases women’s vulnerability to GBV. Recommendations include greater participation by women in ...» more

Disaster-related displacement risk: Measuring the risk and addressing its drivers

Justin Ginnetti, with Chris Lavell, Travis Franck
2015

This report applies the concept of risk to disaster-related displacement and quantifies human displacement risk around the world. It reflects an awareness of the need to see disasters as primarily social, rather than natural, phenomena. This view acknowledges that humans can act and take decisions to reduce the likelihood of a disaster occurring or, at the very least, to reduce ...» more

The South Asia Women’s Resilience Index: Examining the role of women in preparing for and recovering from disasters

The Economist Intelligence Unit
2014

This report discusses the findings of the South Asia Women’s Resilience Index (WRI).The WRI draws upon a range of indicators in four categories—Economic, Infrastructure, Institutional and Social—to assess the capacity of a country to adapt to and recover from quick onset events that fall outside the range of those that are normal or anticipated.Key findings:Most South Asian ...» more