Complex emergencies

Humanitarian contingency plans for military operations

The majority of the literature seems to focus on humanitarian contingency planning for the invasion of Iraq in 2003, and other older cases such as Kosovo. It is difficult to identify what pre-planning may or may not have been undertaken, as political sensitivities and the tendency for military secrecy around large-scale military operations means that few specific details are ...» more

Essays on humanitarian effectiveness

Fernando Espada (Ed.)

The five essays that form this collection are the result of extensive desk and field research carried out in nine countries: Bangladesh, India, Nepal; Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey; Liberia; Niger; and the Philippines. The essays are part of a project by Save The Children’s Humanitarian Affairs Team, in partnership with the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute at the ...» more

Cash-based approaches in humanitarian emergencies: A systematic review

Shannon Doocy and Hannah Tappis

The primary objective of this review was to assess and synthesize existing evidence on the effects of cash-based approaches on individual and household outcomes in humanitarian emergencies. The secondary objective was to assess the efficiency of different cash-based approaches and identify factors that hinder and facilitate programme implementation. The ...» more

Migration and refugee governance in the Mediterranean: Europe and international organisations at a crossroads

Sarah Wolff

Can international organisations (IOs) be a catalyst for change if Europe is unable to agree on a solution to the current Syrian refugee crisis and broader issues of the deadly migration into the region? The paper argues that the current crisis is not only a European but a transregional governance crisis and shows how IOs have been instrumental in framing an alternative debate ...» more

Acceptance strategies in conflict

Acceptance is a risk management strategy based on reducing threats to aid workers by reducing the motivation of others to harm them. The thinking is that if aid work is viewed positively, it will generate goodwill towards aid workers and allow them to work safely. Degrees of acceptance can vary, ranging from a high level…» more

Funding appeals for complex humanitarian emergencies

Key findings: It is possible to derive some key factors from the available literature: Needs-based allocation: This is a core principle of humanitarian assistance. All funders use needs assessments in their original funding allocations, and many changes to funding are preceded by needs assessments. Tipping points: Most protracted crises receive a steady and/or low level of ...» more

Blurring of Lines in Complex Emergencies: Consequences for the Humanitarian Community

Marcos Ferreiro

This article discusses the increasing blurring of lines between humanitarian actors, foreign troops engaged in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism, and donor states pursuing national security and stabilisation. In several complex emergencies with foreign troops on the ground there has also been a sharp increase in violence against humanitarian workers, in absolute numbers ...» more

Complex Emergencies in the 21st Century: Challenges of New Africa’s Strategic Peace and Security Policy Issues

Festus B Aboagye (Editor)

Since its inception in 2002, the African Union (AU) has promoted peace and security, human rights, the rule of law, consolidation of democracy and sustainable development. This ISS Africa paper, edited by Festus B Aboagye, traces the development of AU policy objectives and highlights security issues of the “New Africa”. The AU needs to address the impact of peacebuilding ...» more

Conflict Management in Complex Humanitarian Situations: Peacemaking and Peacebuilding Work with Angolan IDPs

Steve Utterwulghe

What is the role of internally displaced people (IDPs) in peacemaking and peacebuilding in complex humanitarian situations? This field report, published in the Journal of Refugee Studies, analyses the strategies used by the Luanda-based Centre for Common Ground (CCG) and IDPs in conflict resolution in Angola. IDPs must play a central role in conflict management and the ...» more

Shifting Sands: The Search for ‘Coherence’ Between Political and Humanitarian Responses to Complex Emergencies

J Macrae, N Leader

The early 1990s saw an increase in calls to enhance the coherence of political and humanitarian action. With a growing sense of mutual distrust from humanitarian and political actors, this paper seeks to detail the findings of a six month study on the politics of coherence, and particularly to understand the precise character of the new relationship proposed between aid and ...» more