The power of parity: How advancing women’s equality can add $12 trillion to global growth

McKinsey Global Institute
2015

If women participated in the economy identically to men what would global GDP look like? This report explores the economic potential available if the global gender gap were to be closed, and highlights the role of new regional and global coalitions between policy-makers, non-governmental actors, and private-sector leaders to drive this change. The report maps 15 gender ...» more

State-business relations

Seoul, by Travel Oriented (Flickr)

State-business relations in low income countries are seen as a key determinant of inclusive growth and of structural transformation – shifts in economic structure to more productive activities and sectors. Effective state-business relations can boost economic growth by increasing the rate and the productivity of investment. State-business relations can take the form of ...» more

The social impact of private sector development

Coffee Pickers in Timor-Leste

The private sector can have a transformational impact on peoples’ lives as a creator of jobs and producer of goods and services that poor people use. Donor agencies are paying increasing attention to how private sector development can be leveraged to support poverty reduction and sustainable, equitable and inclusive economic growth. Making use of social development thinking is ...» more

Eliminating extreme poverty in Africa: Trends, policies and the role of international organizations

Zorobabel Bicaba, Zuzana Brixiová, Mthuli Ncube
2015

This paper focuses on: (i) poverty paths in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) under different assumptions on key macroeconomic variables, that is (consumption) growth, population growth and income distribution; and (ii) national, regional and global policies that can be adopted to improve upon poverty outcomes. It explores how policies of global institutions such as the G20 can ...» more

Developmental regimes in Africa: Initiating and sustaining developmental regimes in Africa

David Booth (Ed.)
2015

This report synthesises findings from the Developmental Regimes in Africa project. Among the findings is that leadership transitions that maintain economic growth seem to require the presence of either a governing party with a tradition of consensual decision-making, or a state bureaucracy that can insulate policy from political leadership changes. Analysis suggests that ...» more

Natural Resources and Conflict: A Guide for Mediation Practitioners

United Nations Department of Political Affairs and United Nations Environment Programme
2015

Mediation has been underutilized by the international system in addressing disputes over natural resources, for three main reasons. First, issues in these conflicts tend to be very technical in nature and, as such, require that mediators themselves have extensive technical expertise or have access to it. In many places, such specialized knowledge is either not available or not ...» more

Economic growth and fragility

There is fairly consistent evidence of a correlation between low levels of economic development and state fragility. However, there is less comprehensive literature available looking at the role economic growth has played in helping countries break out of fragility. The strength and basis of the economy are important factors affecting the stability and resilience of states, ...» more

Income inequality in Latin America: Recent decline and prospects for its further reduction

Giovanni Cornia
2015

The paper reviews the extent of the income inequality decline that took place in Latin America in 2002-10 and then focuses on the factors that may explain such decline. These include a lowered skill premium following an expansion of secondary education among the poor, and the adoption of more equalising tax, labour market subsidies and macro policies by a growing number of ...» more

Political economy constraints for urban development

Experts highlight evidence gaps in particular on the political economy of urban service delivery; social and political participation by urban poor people; the relationship between urbanisation, urban poverty and urban violence; the relationship between state fragility, state legitimacy and the national political settlement; and what works and what does not in tackling political ...» more

Women’s networks in MENA

There is a large number of women’s networks in the region, ranging in size and influence. Grassroots networks exist alongside high-level political and policy networks. Most are focused on women-only activities. The key areas of activity are: improving women’s entrepreneurship and developing women as business owners and business leaders; peacebuilding; reducing violence ...» more

Political economy of energy in southern Africa

Some African states, with encouragement from international donors, have developed regional power sharing arrangements as a strategy to deal with the continent’s energy problems. Power pools aim to balance electrical loads over a larger network, lower electricity prices, and expand access by encouraging trade and investment in the sector. The Southern African Power Pool ...» more

Balancing Paid Work and Unpaid Care Work to Achieve Women’s Economic Empowerment

Deepta Chopra
2015

It is widely known that women's economic empowerment can lead to economic growth. However, it is important to understand women's economic empowerment as not simply about labour force participation, but also about the choice to work, the choice of sector, location and working hours. Taking unpaid care work into account in policies and programmes has the potential to ...» more

World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2015

Vladmir Andrianov, et al.
2015

This report assesses the employment and social impacts of the recent global slowdown and examines longer term socio-economic consequences associated with the prolonged period of economic turbulence that started in 2008. The world economy continues to expand at rates well below the trends that preceded the advent of the global crisis in 2008 and is unable to close the ...» more

Inclusive growth

Woman in small shop Ghana

Absolute poverty has fallen substantially over the last 30 years, with most of this reduction attributable to rapid economic growth in developing countries. Yet growth often does not meet the needs of the poor. Economic growth in the absence of measures to ensure the sustained equitable distribution of its benefits has frequently perpetuated the concentration of wealth in the ...» more

What works for rural development in fragile states? Evidence from Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Yemen, Nepal and Bolivia

Schultze-Kraft, M., Rew, M., Kuss, M.
2014

What works for rural development in fragile states and how can rural development contribute to mitigating fragility? This report highlights the major challenges rural development encounters in fragile settings. It looks at empirical evidence from five countries in South Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, Sub-Saharan Africa and South America (Afghanistan, Nepal, Yemen, the Democratic ...» more

The $138.5 billion question: When does foreign aid work (and when doesn’t it)?

Jonathan Glennie, Andy Sumner
2014

When does foreign aid work and when doesn’t it? This paper considers peer-reviewed, cross-country, econometric studies, published over the last decade in order to propose areas with policy implications related to the conditions under which aid is more likely to be effective. The paper discusses the nature of evidence on aid and why assessing its impact is so difficult. It looks ...» more

The South Asia Women’s Resilience Index: Examining the role of women in preparing for and recovering from disasters

The Economist Intelligence Unit
2014

This report discusses the findings of the South Asia Women’s Resilience Index (WRI).The WRI draws upon a range of indicators in four categories—Economic, Infrastructure, Institutional and Social—to assess the capacity of a country to adapt to and recover from quick onset events that fall outside the range of those that are normal or anticipated.Key findings:Most South Asian ...» more

East African prospects: an update on the political economy of Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda

David Booth, Brian Cooksey, Frederick Golooba-Mutebi, Karuti Kanyinga
2014

Under what conditions are equity- and productivity-enhancing reforms likely to prosper in sectors of the East African economy? How likely is it that these conditions will be present in the next decade? What specific features of the current political-economic situation are most relevant from the perspective of practical organisations committed to supporting progressive changes? ...» more