State-society relations and citizenship

2° ATO Belo Horizonte

State-society relations, citizenship and socio-political cohesion are areas of great importance to statebuilding and peacebuilding and are crucial to an integrated approach. State-society relations are defined by DFID as ‘interactions between state institutions and societal groups to negotiate how public authority is exercised and how it can be influenced by people. They are ...» more

State of the world’s volunteerism report 2015

UN Volunteers

Volunteerism provides a key channel for the successful implementation of a more inclusive future development agenda advocated by the SDGs. The report analyses the relationship between volunteerism and governance and some of the core governance issues amenable to volunteer action locally, nationally and globally. It argues that volunteerism is an additional resource and vehicle ...» more

Social policy

The development of social policy as a discipline is associated with the emergence of welfare states in European countries. This reading guide provides the user with some key texts and narrative. The development of European countries involved the progressive extension of rights, civil rights in the 18th century, political rights in the 19th century, and…» more

Gender and Citizenship at the Grassroots: Assessing the Effect of NGO Initiatives in Social Mobilization and Political Empowerment in Kenya and Bangladesh

Simeen Mahmud, Celestine Nyamu Musembi

Can women's participation in associations and civil society initiatives reduce gender inequality? This study assesses the extent to which social mobilisation and political empowerment initiatives led by NGOs have influenced gender dynamics in Kenya and Bangladesh. It focuses on gender dynamics in everyday expression of citizenship at community level. It concludes that the NGO ...» more

Approaches to civic education

Civic education can be broadly defined as ‘the provision of information and learning experiences to equip and empower citizens to participate in democratic processes'. The education can take very different forms, including classroom-based learning, informal training, experiential learning, and mass media campaigns. Civic education can be targeted at children or adults, at the ...» more

Associations, active citizenship, and the quality of democracy in Brazil and Mexico

Peter P. Houtzager, Arnab K. Acharya

To what extent does participation in associations increase active citizenship? How does associationalism impact on the quality of citizenship? Civic engagement theory suggests that associations empower members to engage in public politics and improve the quality of democracy. Empirical demonstration of this argument outside affluent countries is rare, however, and so this paper ...» more

Political Economy and Governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

This report is based on some of the recent literature on governance and political economy in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It should be read in conjunction with the helpdesk research report on ‘New Literature on Conflict in the DRC’, which includes a section on political issues. The report outlines the following key governance and political economy issues discussed in ...» more

Putting Citizens at the Centre: Linking States and Societies for Responsive Governance

Nicholas Benequista

How does citizen engagement contribute to responsive governance? This paper summarises ten years of research from the Development Research Centre on Citizenship, Participation, and Accountability, presenting the key findings of more than 150 case studies of citizen engagement. It argues that existing donor programmes fail to recognise the full potential of citizen engagement, ...» more

Securing the State and Developing Social Insecurities: the Securitisation of Citizenship in Contemporary Colombia

Cristina Rojas

What kind of citizen is formed under President Alvaro Uribe’s democratic security policy? What political space is given to citizens? This Third World Quarterly article investigates the premises of citizenship when implemented under the double logic of democracy and security. The issue is analysed through the ideas of Ardent and Foucault, concluding that tensions between ...» more

Struggles for Citizenship in Africa: Introduction

Brownen Manby

Post-independence political crises in Africa have shown a similar pattern; leaders seek to buttress their support among one part of their country's population by excluding another from the right to belong to the country. This publication argues that the denial of a right to citizenship has been at the heart of many of the conflicts of post-colonial Africa, and examines the ways ...» more

Strengthening Women’s Citizenship in the Context of State-building

Clare Castillejo

How can state building strengthen women's citizenship in fragile states? This seminar report from the Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior explores the opportunities offered by state building processes to enhance women's political participation, rights and ability to hold the state to account. State building strategies must: include strengthening ...» more

Who Should be Included? Noncitizens, Conflict and the Constitution of the Citizenry

Matthew J. Gibney

What can the consideration of citizenship issues contribute to debates on political institutions in divided societies? What does it mean to distribute citizenship fairly? This book chapter considers the question of access to citizenship and associated rights for noncitizens. A growing literature has been concerned with the tyranny of ethnic majorities in democratic political ...» more

Brazilian Experiences of Participation and Citizenship: A Critical Look

Andrea Cornwall, Jorge Romano, Alex Shankland

What lessons does Brazil offer for democratisation in other countries? This study from the Institute of Development Studies looks at the meanings and practices of participation and citizenship in the north and north east of Brazil. Participatory budgeting, sectoral policy councils and conferences at each tier of government have provided spaces for new meanings and expressions ...» more

Social Movements and Citizenship: Some Challenges for INGOs

Lucy Earle

How can social movements in developing countries use concepts of citizenship to demand basic rights from the state? This report by the International NGO Training and Research Centre examines a social movement focusing on low-income housing in São Paulo. In Brazil, the concept of citizenship is linked to service provision. Lack of access to basic services is regarded as having ...» more

Violence, Power and Participation: Building Citizenship in Contexts of Chronic Violence

Jenny Pearce

Can civil society organisations play a role in building citizenship and confronting violent actors and acts of violence? This Institute of Development Studies Working Paper argues that they can, and explores civil society participation in Colombia and Gutamela. Building citizenship in chronic violence contexts requires simultaneous attention to citizenship and to violence, and ...» more

Situating Gender and Citizenship in Development Debates: Towards a Strategy

M Mukhopadhyay

How can an understanding of gender and citizenship inform development policy and empower women? This paper from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) discusses gender and citizenship in the context of development debates and research. Development is largely inattentive to the dynamics of state-society relations - preferring instead to create new models of ...» more

Gender Justice, Citizenship and Entitlements – Core Concepts, Central Debates and New Directions for Research

A-M Goetz

Why have efforts at law reform and progress in exposing gender biases in formal legal systems failed to bring about gender justice? This chapter, from the International Development Research Centre's (IDRC) book Gender Justice, Citizenship and Development, links current thinking on gender justice to debates on citizenship, entitlements, rights, law and development. It argues ...» more

Representation, Citizenship and the Public Domain in Democratic Decentralization

J C Ribot

Under what conditions does local democracy emerge? Do local authorities always represent local people? Decentralisation reforms in developing countries have transferred power to a range of local institutions but often failed to empower democratic local governments. This essay from the journal Development looks at how the choice of institutions affects three dimensions of ...» more

Decentralization, Local Taxation and Citizenship

K Juul

What makes people willing or unwilling to pay taxes, and to whom are they willing to pay? This article from Development and Change examines the politics of revenue collection in a Senegalese village within a framework of decentralisation, democratisation and multi-party politics. The transfer of tax collection from state agents to local councillors has been met with neither ...» more