Crime & policing

Donor work on security and justice in the Eastern Caribbean

The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is a grouping of twenty countries in the Caribbean region, aimed at promoting economic integration, foreign policy coordination, human and social development, and security. The Eastern Caribbean comprises Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. These countries are also part of the ...» more

Youth unemployment and violence

This literature review looks at whether there is evidence of a causal link between youth unemployment and violence in developing countries, focusing on crime, gang violence and domestic violence. It also looks at female youth unemployment, donor programming, and areas where more research is needed. A causal link between youth unemployment and violence is widely assumed, but ...» more

Piracy in the Horn of Africa, West Africa and the Strait of Malacca

What factors are discouraging or encouraging piracy in the Horn of Africa, West Africa and the Strait of Malacca? This report finds that a combination of factors in each of the regions have affected levels of piracy, at different times and depending on the type of piracy. For example, these factors may differ for subsistence pirates (largely gangs made up of part-timers who are ...» more

Organised crime, violence and development

EU Naval Force (Op Atalanta) Somalia (Boarding teams of EU Naval Force warships conduct a routine check as part of anti-piracy operations.)

Organised crime ranges from protection economies and extortion rackets to cybercrime, oil theft, money laundering, counterfeiting, maritime piracy and the trafficking and/or smuggling of people, firearms, illicit drugs, and wildlife. It is sometimes associated with violence, but there is no strong correlation between them. Conventional law enforcement and security approaches to ...» more

Safety, security and justice

The newly modernised Correctional Services of Solomon Islands

Safety, security and justice are priorities for poor people and are associated with development outcomes. What do we know about what has – or hasn't – worked in safety, security and justice programming, and where? This updated Topic Guide for policymakers and practitioners synthesises the evidence, challenges and approaches that emerge from the literature. ...» more

Facts about security and justice challenges

Some of the global statistics included in this report are: A gap in access to justice exists for a majority of the people in the world, perhaps even as many as two thirds, according to an estimate by the Hague Institute for the Internationalization of Law. Preventing and redressing violence against women and girls is now on the public policy agenda, but abuse and violence ...» more

Crime and conflict

Practitioners increasingly recognise that they need a better understanding of the link between crime and conflict. Many informal accounts suggest the political power of organised crime groups in violent and fragile contexts is growing. In the absence of functioning institutions and strong state-society relations, organised crime groups infiltrate local and national political systems to serve…» more

Deterrence as a security concept against non-traditional threats: In-depth study

This study focuses on the international dimension of five threats that could affect the Netherland: terrorism; threats in the cyber domain; organised crime; threats in the economic domain; and ambiguous warfare. It also analyses the applicability of deterrence as an instrument in the context of each area. These main areas of threat are discussed in terms of the following ...» more

Formal and informal policing in Iraq

Within the literature there seems to be a number of common themes and recommendations: Supporting the judiciary and improving investigative capability: Greater security for the judiciary and improved legal education, improved capacity of lawyers, as well as greater support for investigative capability. Improving police-community relations: This can be through setting up joint ...» more

Evidence on ‘rule of law’ aid initiatives

This report reviews the contribution of rule of law to development and poverty reduction, with evidence from aid initiatives. The first section provides a brief overview of the evidence base on the links between rule of law and development and poverty reduction. The second looks at evidence from successful aid initiatives, focusing on how interventions have contributed to rule ...» more

Getting smart and scaling up: responding to the impact of organized crime on governance in developing countries

Camino Kavanagh (ed.)

This report highlights the importance of separating organised crime from politics while enhancing legitimate governance and service delivery. Based on a literature review and six country case studies, it offers detailed recommendations in five core areas: protecting the political process; modernising and strengthening law enforcement and the judiciary; supporting ...» more

Community policing in fragile and conflict-affected states

Community policing is the idea of policing in partnership with community, and the strategy for implementing this partnership. Beyond this rudimentary definition, there is no common agreement on what community policing entails. Experience of various forms of community policing in different fragile and conflict-affected states (FCAS) have had mixed results – there have been some ...» more

Feminist Mobilisation and Progressive Policy Change: Why Governments Take Action to Combat Violence Against Women

S. Laurel Weldon, Mala Htun

This study analyses policies on violence against women in 70 countries from 1975 to 2005. It finds that the most important and consistent factor driving policy change is feminist activism. This plays a more important role than left-wing parties, numbers of women legislators, or national wealth. It also finds that strong, vibrant domestic feminist movements use international and ...» more

Securing Communities: the what and the how of community policing

Lisa Denney, Sarah Jenkins

This paper examines the definitions, objectives, models and influencing factors of community policing (COP). It draws on broad academic and policy literatures, and empirical examples. The paper finds little consensus on the definitions, objectives and models of COP, but notes that the form COP takes is connected to histories of state-society relations. Community policing can ...» more

Understanding and Tackling Violence Outside of Armed Conflict Settings

Jeremy Lind, Becky Mitchell

Understanding and tackling violence that occurs outside of armed conflict settings is essential to improving the wellbeing of some of the world’s poorest communities. Whilst advances have been made in terms of designing policies that address violence in fragile or conflict-affected countries, progress has been slower in relation to dealing with violence happening outside of ...» more

Border insecurity in North Africa

The literature on border security in North Africa has several key themes: security and terrorism; migration; and goods trafficking. These issues are all intertwined. Migration and trafficking tend to follow the same geographical routes, which or may not also include weapons smuggling for extremist groups. In addition, radicalists’ movements across borders frequently interact ...» more

Policy responses to criminal violence in Latin America and the Caribbean

Combatting the threat posed by transnational and domestic criminal organisations has become a critical concern of governments throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. Ideas of how to reduce crime and organised violence in this region vary between those who advocate for state-security led approaches and those who argue for approaches that tackle the causes of crime and the ...» more

Violence against women and girls in Afghanistan

Violence against women and girls in Afghanistan is endemic, widespread and an undeniable reality. Though there have been some quantifiable improvements for women and girls since the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001, significant challenges remain in securing women’s rights in the country. Literature on gender-based violence (GBV) in Afghanistan is comprehensive and rich with ...» more