PFM and corruption

Public Financial Management (PFM) processes – revenue mobilisation (e.g. taxation and customs), budget preparation and resource allocation, budget execution (e.g. procurement and payroll), and the accounting and auditing of government expenditure – are a key focus of donor supported anti-corruption reforms. A focus on the budget and budgetary processes is not surprising given that: (1)…» more

Anti-corruption strategies in foreign aid: From controls to results

William Savedoff

This paper argues that efforts to address corruption - targeting funder integrity, recipient integrity and global support - have proven to be largely ineffective against corruption and had a limited impact on development results. It highlights how current approaches rely primarily on transactional controls and, to a lesser extent, on investments in transparency and raising ...» more

People and corruption: Africa survey 2015

Transparency International and Afrobarometer

This report surveys the public experiences and perceptions of corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa, in order to put the views of ordinary people at the centre of corruption debates. It finds that while many Africans view corruption as being on the rise in their own country and believe their government is not doing well in tackling the issue, there are a small number of countries ...» more

Making development work: The quality of government approach

Bo Rothstein & Marcus Tannenberg

This report synthesizes the current knowledge on why some countries have developed into prosperous societies while others have not, and puts forward conclusions for development policy. The report summarises qualitative as well as quantitative studies that have shown that quality of governance (QoG) factors, such as control of corruption, the rule of law, and administrative ...» more

Webinar video: Public Financial Management

Dr Paolo de Renzio (International Budget Partnership) and Prof Dominik Zaum (University of Reading)  gave short presentations on transparency, participation and corruption in Public Financial Management. Discussant Dr Simon De Lay (University of Birmingham) drew on his experience and recent research to reflect on issues raised, and participating development practitioners from around the world contributed questions and comments. The webinar was held on 24…» more

The state of corruption: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine

Transparency International

This report presents the results of research undertaken by Transparency International on corruption in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. It highlights promising developments in the field of anti-corruption, but also notes how the capture of important institutions by powerful interests is seriously undermining the effective enforcement of these ...» more

Why corruption matters: understanding causes, effects and how to address them

Alina Rocha Menocal, Nils Taxell, Jesper Stenberg Johnsøn, Maya Schmaljohann, Aranzazú Guillan Montero, Francesco De Simone, Kendra Dupuy, Julia Tobias

What are the conditions that facilitate corruption? What are its costs and what are the most effective ways to combat it? This paper assesses the current literature on corruption. It notes that corruption is a symptom of governance dynamics and institutional quality, and is enabled by economic, political, administrative, social and cultural factors. The collective and ...» more

Corruption and Collective Action

Heather Marquette, Caryn Peiffer

This paper argues that both the collective action and principal-agent theories are valuable in understanding corruption. They add to our understanding of the scope and scale of challenges that anti-corruption efforts face, leaving one perspective out hollows this understanding. However, both miss out an important third perspective, which is that corruption can serve important ...» more

Preventing Corruption in Humanitarian Operations

Transparency International

The first edition of the TI Handbook was published in 2010. The substantial increase in the last few years of different challenges in and new ways of delivering humanitarian aid has resulted in this updated 2014 electronic version of the Handbook. It includes a revised list of references and links, as well as the inclusion of relevant new tools, that look at: Communication with ...» more

Corruption Perceptions Index 2014

Transparency International

How bad is corruption, and what can be done? Based on expert opinion, the Corruption Perceptions Index 2014 covers 175 countries. Not one single country gets a perfect score and more than two-thirds score below 50, on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). A poor score is likely a sign of widespread bribery, lack of punishment for corruption and public ...» more

Fragile States 2014: Domestic Revenue Mobilisation in Fragile States


What financial resources are available to fragile states – internationally and domestically – to fund their development? What role does aid play? What can be done to close the gaps in resources for development? This report looks at these questions, highlighting the need to focus more on domestic revenue generation as a source of state revenue, and also as a cornerstone of ...» more

Who will be the ‘Principled Principals’? The determinants of active opposition to corruption

Caryn Peiffer, Linda Alvarez

This paper uses survey data from Transparency International's 2013 Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) to examine what determines people's willingness to act against corruption. It tested two main hypotheses suggested in recent literature: 1) The more a person perceives corruption to be pervasively practiced in society, the less willing they will be to engage in anti-corruption ...» more

Africa’s Willing Taxpayers Thwarted by Opaque Tax Systems, Corruption

Rose Aiko, Carolyn Logan

Findings from this paper suggest that governments need to improve the transparency and accountability of revenue authorities if they want to strengthen the foundations of a sound revenue system.Survey data, covering 29 countries in sub-Saharan Africa reveal widespread citizen commitment to the principle of taxation and to taking responsibility – by paying their taxes – for ...» more

Why do some Africans pay bribes while other Africans don’t?

Caryn Peiffer, Richard Rose

Generalisations about African societies being pervasively corrupt are refuted in this paper. Among 25,397 Afrobarometer respondents in 18 countries, 26% report paying a bribe, while 74% do not. Five hypotheses offer explanations: institutional context, inequalities of socio-economic resources, social inclusion and exclusion, social and political capital, and conflicting norms. ...» more

The impact of PFM interventions on corruption

Ben French

This paper explores the linkages between PFM systems and effective anti-corruption measures. It asks: Which components of the PFM cycle are effective anti-corruption measures and what types of corruption do they address? Drawing on a variable evidence base, its findings highlight the role of PFM reforms in reducing the opportunities and incentives for corruption, over the ...» more

UN Convention against Corruption: Progress Report 2013

Fritz Heimann, Gillian Dell, Gabor Bathory

The UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) requires countries to report back on corruption every five years. This report provides an overview of the country review process after its first three years of implementation. It highlights areas for improvement in the process, including follow-up on country reviews, delays, transparency, increasing NGO participation, and quality of ...» more

Corruption Perceptions Index 2013

Transparency International

How bad is corruption, and what can be done? Based on expert opinion, the Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 covers 177 countries. While a handful perform well, not one country gets a perfect score. More than two-thirds score less than 50. The need for greater accountability is clear, and leaders cannot look the other way. But recognising the problem is only the first step – ...» more

Governments Falter in Fight to Curb Corruption

Samantha Richmond, Carmen Alpin

A majority of people in 34 African countries condemn their governments' anticorruption efforts, according to Afrobarometer surveys of more than 51,000 people between October 2011 and June 2013. Fifty-six percent of people said their governments have done a 'fairly” or “very bad' job of fighting corruption; while just 35% say their governments have done this 'fairly” or “very ...» more

What is the evidence that the establishment or use of community accountability mechanisms and processes improves inclusive service delivery by governments, donors and NGOs to communities?

Una Lynch et al.

What interventions have had an impact (positive or negative) in promoting community accountability and influencing inclusive service delivery? Community accountability is a process by which a community works together to create and affirm values and practices, and provide safety and support. The review was interested in interventions designed to increase citizen participation ...» more