Parliamentary strengthening

NIMD Country Programme evaluation

Laure-Hélène Piron

The Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy commissioned an institutional evaluation of the period 2011–2014, with a focus on three country programmes (Georgia, Guatemala and Mali). The first objective of the evaluation was to assess the extent to which NIMD achieved results in the period 2011–2014. The second objective was to assess the extent to which the NIMD ...» more

Working with members of parliament’s constituency funds

The key points from this rapid literature review include: CDFs are a relatively recent phenomenon (with most being established from the 2000s onwards), and they are relatively few in number (Barkan & Mattes, forthcoming). As a result, little is known about them. Countries that have used CDFs include: South Sudan; Philippines; Honduras; Nepal; Pakistan; Jamaica; Solomon Islands; ...» more

Donor support of African parliaments

Parliamentary strengthening can be focused on MPs, parliament or other aspects of the political system. One way of looking at the activities undertaken is to divide them into direct support or indirect support. Indirect support is the support of specific policy issues, such as health and education, which subsequently strengthens the parliamentary process. Direct support is work ...» more

Community activism in Jordan

Protests in Jordan have been largely peaceful but unsuccessful in achieving real change. They have centred on improving governance, democracy and socio-economic conditions, not on overthrowing the regime. All strata of society have been involved. Findings include the following: Most of the recent protests in Jordan revolve around the socio-economic situation. Some ...» more

Impact of parliamentary and party assistance

Key findings: The impacts of parliamentary and party support have not received much analysis; there are a few rigorous evaluations, but significant evidence gaps remain. The existing evaluations are non-experimental short-term studies, which use case studies, interviews and literature reviews as their analysis methods. In general, they emphasise processes, outcomes and ...» more

Mind the Gap: Lessons Learnt and Remaining Challenges in Parliamentary Development Assistance – A Sida Pre-Study

Alina Rocha Menocal, Tam O'Neil

What do we know about how – and how well – the international community supports parliaments? This study finds that a clear and consistent set of principles and recommendations has emerged in the literature. Perhaps the most important of these is the need to understand the political economy of parliaments in incipient democracies. However, there appears to be resistance to ...» more

Integrating parliamentary and political party strengthening in sectoral programmes

Key findings: There are limited examples of sectoral programmes that explicitly integrate support to parliamentary or political party strengthening in pursuit of sectoral goals. The majority of donor activities in support of parliaments and political parties have the objective of strengthening parliaments for the broader purpose of improving democratic governance. Such ...» more

The Challenges of Political Programming: International Assistance to Parties and Parliaments

Greg Power, Oliver Coleman

This paper examines the ways in which different donor agencies and implementing organisations are addressing the challenges of political programming. It uses the term ‘political programming’ to describe the recent attempts by donor agencies to apply more political forms of analysis (such as ‘drivers of change’) in the design, delivery and implementation of projects to achieve ...» more

Effects of political quotas for women

Many countries have introduced gender quotas (or political reservations), in order to increase female participation in policy-making. This helpdesk report surveys research on the effects of political quotas for women on (1.) political processes; (2.) service delivery; and (3.) social processes. There is limited empirical evidence on these issues and research that does exist has ...» more

Quotas – Add Women and Stir?

Mariz Tadros

Is women's empowerment directly related to the proportion of women in parliament? Have various forms of quota been successful in transforming gender relations? This article examines different pathways to women's empowerment and the assumptions about gender, power, and politics that underlie quotas. It concludes that the focus on women's representation in parliament is too ...» more

Support to Legislatures: Synthesis Study

Arne Tostensen, Inge Amundsen

What is being done to support legislatures and by whom? What can be learned from experience so far? This study discusses different models of legislatures and political and electoral systems, with particular emphasis on fragile states. It also presents an overview of specialist agencies in this field, and of trends of donor support. While there are relatively few systematic ...» more

What Accountability Pressures do MPs in Africa Face and How Do They Respond? Evidence from Ghana

Staffan I. Lindberg

What is the role of clientelism in African politics? How are MPs held accountable in Ghana? This article examines the daily accountability pressures and responses of Ghanaian Members of Parliament, the strength of the institution, and the formal and informal aspects of their role. It finds that these MPs devote a significant proportion of their time to producing and ...» more

Afghanistan’s Parliament in the Making: Gendered Understandings and Practices of Politics in a Transitional Country

Andrea Fleschenberg

How can a viable Afghan parliament be developed that will serve citizens' interests and promote peace and reconstruction? What are possible entry points for parliamentary institution-building, particularly regarding female parliamentarians (MPs)? This report from Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung and UNIFEM is based on extensive interviews with Afghan parliamentarians during 2007-2008. ...» more

Cross-party Caucuses

Caucuses are widely believed to be important forums for bringing parliamentarians together across political party lines – so that they may share information, discuss policy issues, channel common interests and concerns, and engage civil society. Some women’s caucuses have been noted for their unique approach towards fostering good governance. In some conflict contexts, caucuses ...» more

Equality in Politics: A Survey of Women and Men in Parliaments

Inter Parliamentary Union

This paper presents the results of a survey (2006-2008) on how parliamentarians are working to attain gender equality in national politics. Respondents identify four factors that are most influential in creating a more gender-sensitive parliament: 1) the support of the ruling party in parliament; 2) the work of parliamentary committees; 3) the work of cross-party networks of ...» more

Lessons Learned on Parliamentary Strengthening

Several agencies have recently conducted stocktakes, retrospectives or reviews of their parliamentary strengthening programmes at agency-level. By far the most common lesson/recommendation relates to the necessity of understanding and adapting to the political context within which parliament is situated and undertaking good political analysis in the planning phase. Several ...» more

M&E of Parliamentary Strengthening and Electoral Support Programmes

Parliamentary stengthening: Attempts to assess the effectiveness of parliamentary strengthening programmes need to go beyond monitoring changes within parliament, to measuring changes in parliament’s influence on government. Moreover, the political nature of legislatures, the particular types of functions for which they are responsible, and the constant evolution in membership ...» more