Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire? Migration from Fragile States to Fragile States

Anke Hoeffler

Fragile states contributed 18 million migrants and 8 million refugees in 2000. More than 20% of these migrants and more than half of the refugees settle in other fragile states. Thus, migration is likely to be both a consequence and a possible cause of conflict and fragility. This paper asks why people from fragile states would want to move to another fragile state. Is it ...» more

Migrants’ Remittances, Poverty and Social Protection in the South Pacific: Fiji and Tonga

Richard P. C. Brown, John Connell,, Eliana V. Jimenez-Soto

Small island states are increasingly characterised by the growing role of international migration and remittances as components of national and household incomes. Recent household-level survey data on migration and remittances in two Pacific island states, Fiji and Tonga, demonstrate that where formal social protection systems are largely absent, migration and remittances can ...» more

Key actors mapping: Somalia

This report provides an overview of power-holders in Somalia. It finds that power is heavily concentrated in individuals rather than formal institutions. Though Somalia now features a nascent central government as well as regional polities and one secessionist government, government institutions are not the sole or even primary locus of power. Most power continues to reside in ...» more

World Disasters Report 2012: Focus on forced migration and displacement

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Over 70 million people are forced migrants displaced by conflict, political upheaval, violence and disasters but also by climate change and development projects. Although rapid-onset events such as conflict or disaster may be the immediate reason forcing people to leave their homes, the search for better economic opportunities, slow-onset and progressive environmental ...» more

Too Close for Comfort? Immigrant Exclusion in Africa

Claire L. Adida

Why do some minority groups involved in South-South migration integrate into their host societies, whereas others face exclusion and hostility? Why, for example, are Nigerian Hausas integrated into Ghanaian society in Accra but rejected in Niamey (Niger)? This study draws on surveys of Nigerian Hausa and Yoruba immigrants and host populations in urban Ghana, Benin and Niger. ...» more

Migration and Global Environmental Change: Future Challenges and Opportunities

The Government Office for Science, UK

How might human population movements across the world be affected by global environmental changes up to 2060? This report examines both global and within-country migration trends. It finds that: millions will be 'trapped' in vulnerable areas and unable to move; people are as likely to move towards areas of environmental risk as to move away; but also that migration can ...» more

Donor Initiatives to Engage with South Sudanese Diaspora

This report provides details of donor programmes designed to engage with the South Sudanese diaspora with the goal of supporting their development efforts in the country. It also provides details of similar programmes with the Somali diaspora and diaspora from other post-conflict states in Africa. A small number of initiatives are currently being undertaken with the South ...» more

Crisis or Adaptation? Migration and Climate Change in a Context of High Mobility

Cecilia Tacoli

This paper argues that migration can be an adaptive strategy. There is growing evidence to suggest that mobility, together with income diversification, is important in reducing vulnerability to both environmental and non-environmental risks. Short-term urban migration is already often used a means of broadening income in times of agricultural shortage. Supporting migration to ...» more

In Search of Shelter: Mapping the Effects of Climate Change on Human Migration and Displacement

Koko Warner et al.

To what extent is climate change causing – and is likely to cause – the displacement and migration of people around the world? How should policymakers respond? This report draws on empirical evidence from a first-time, multi-continent survey of environmental change and migration. It argues that climate-related migration and displacement can be successfully addressed ...» more

Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence

Frank Laczko, Christine Aghazarm

How is environmental change affecting migration and how can policymakers address this emerging challenge? The book assesses the existing body of evidence relating to the likely impact of environmental and climate change on migration. It recommends that the focus of research and funding shift toward developing countries where migration, both internal and international, is most ...» more

Climate Change and Migration

The difficulty of making predictions of future patterns of climate change migration springs principally from the fact that, methodologically, it is very difficult if not impossible to unpack the different environmental drivers and triggers of migration. People move for complex sets of reasons of which a changing environment is only one. As such it is important to try to ...» more

Human Trafficking and New Patterns of Migration

Thanh-Dam Truong

How have social changes within migration-generating societies converged with an enlargement of the underground economy worldwide? How has this convergence created new conditions under which migrants (trafficked or smuggled) become incorporated into the worlds of production and consumption? This study, from the Institute of Social Studies in The Hague, argues that there is, ...» more

Demographics and Climate Change: Future Trends and their Policy Implications for Migration

Richard Black et al.

This paper explores the potential impact of future demographic and climate change on migration patterns in developing countries. It argues that policymakers should not seek to prevent migration resulting from climate change: some migration impacts from existing emissions are likely to be unavoidable, and migration itself can have both positive and negative effects. Rather, ...» more

Mapping Research on Migration

This query aims to identify research organisations with long-term programmes on the links between migration and development. There are a large number of institutes working on the issue of migration in the UK, US, and particularly Europe. Most of their work focusses on national and European migration trends, and the integration, exclusion, and citizenship of migrants within host ...» more

Information Campaigns and Migration

Information campaigns aim to provide would-be migrants with information about the potential risks associated with illegal migration in order to raise their awareness and ultimately (although not always explicitly) deter them from migrating through irregular channels. These campaigns have largely, but not exclusively, taken place within the framework of counter-trafficking ...» more

Migrants/Diaspora and Integration

Rising interest in the area of 'transnationalism and integration' has resulted in an increase in research studies in recent years. Most of these studies find that migrant/diaspora involvement in their home countries is not a threat to their integration in host countries. Rather transnationalism and integration can comfortably coexist. Further, some studies have found that ...» more

International Labour Migration of Nepalese Women: The Impact of their Remittances on Poverty Reduction

C. Bhadra

What impact do remittances from women migrant workers have on poverty reduction in Nepal? This article finds that remittances play an important role in poverty reduction but that female migration can also involve significant human costs. It argues that the Nepali state and international development agencies should pay greater attention to the issue of women's migration and its ...» more

Civil Society Beyond the State: The Impact of Diaspora Communities on Peace Building

Feargal Cochrane

Diaspora communities are key aspects of civil society, but what are their potential positive contributions to peacebuilding? This journal article by Feargal Cochrane identifies diaspora as a neglected aspect of existing literature on the role and impact of civil society in divided societies. As seen in the case of the Irish diaspora in the Northern Ireland conflict and peace ...» more

Conflict-generated Diasporas and Transnational Politics in Ethiopia

Terrence Lyons

How can diaspora groups created by conflict contribute to either increased polarisation or new opportunities for peace in the homeland? This article in Conflict, Security and Development explores ways in which conflict-generated diaspora groups link processes of globalisation and transnational migration to homeland politics and conflicts. The case of the Ethiopian diaspora in ...» more