Food security

Climate change and food security: Risks and responses

FAO
2016

This publication provides an overview of the effects of climate change on vulnerabilities in food security and nutrition, and explores ways to reduce negative impacts through adaptation and resilience. Reducing vulnerability and investing in resilience, in particular through social protection at household level, is key to adaptation. The report advises that food security and ...» more

Impact of multilateral organisations on humanitarian outcomes

Even with strong evidence on programme impact, it is hard to attribute humanitarian results directly to multilateral organisations’ (MLOs) or specific forms of aid architecture. In an emergency context, there tend to be many actors and interventions and it is difficult to show a direct chain of causality between specific funding streams or organisations and results. The key ...» more

Crisis management models in Africa

The rapid review uncovered very little literature detailing general crisis management models in Africa. It found almost no literature on the experience of using such crisis management models in relation to crises such as public disorder, political unrest, and epidemics. However, some independent evaluations of crisis management models used to respond to food security crises ...» more

Securing Women’s Land and Property Rights: A Critical Step to Address HIV, Violence and Food Security

Open Society Foundations
2014

This briefing paper examines the importance of women’s land and property rights in the contexts of HIV and AIDS, violence against women and food security. Land and property rights increase women’s autonomy—decreasing their dependence on men and entrapment in abusive relationships, enabling greater control over sexual relations and improving their ability to produce food for ...» more

Gender Equality and Food Security: Women’s Empowerment as a Tool against Hunger

Asian Development Bank
2013

Women and girls worldwide face many inequities and constraints, often embedded in norms and practices and encoded in legal provisions. Some laws, such as those governing access to land, include inequitable and exclusionary provisions, thus institutionalizing discrimination. Where such legislative measures are not in place, customary rules and practices often have restrictive ...» more

Livelihoods in fragile contexts

There is strong literature on both livelihoods in general and livelihoods in fragile contexts, presenting conclusions and lessons from programmes and synthesising evidence from other contexts. This review draws mainly on lessons learned in the field, rather than rigorous evidence of impact. There are few impact studies conducted on programmes in fragile environments, as ...» more

Poor people’s rights and successful legal actions

Key finding: Landmark rulings by South Africa’s Constitutional Court in favour of poor people’s social and economic rights since the 1990s have drawn widespread attention to the law as a tool for realising poor people’s rights and tackling the underlying systemic problems in a way that empowers individuals and communities. But while there has been broad support for using the ...» more

Food security and climate change

The High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition
2012

This report examines the impact of climate change on food security. It argues that climate change will have detrimental impacts on food security and agricultural systems:  reducing the productivity of existing food systems; harming the livelihoods of those already vulnerable to food insecurity; and increasing the challenges of providing clean water. It offers a number of ...» more

Building resilience in a complex environment

The 2011 Horn of Africa food crisis demonstrated that building community resilience is more urgent than ever.  This paper highlights the impact of CARE's four-year Regional Resilience Enhancement Against Drought Programme (RREAD), including finding the optimal balance of approaches that result in increased food and livelihood security. It suggests that building resilience must ...» more

Voluntary Guidelines to Support the Progressive Realisation of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)
2004

What steps are necessary to realise the goal of adequate food for all? The Intergovernmental Working Group (IGWG) of the Council of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations has drawn up the following voluntary guidelines to support Member Nations' efforts to achieve the realisation of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security. They ...» more