Zero poverty… think again: Impact of climate change on development efforts

Miren Gutierrez, Will McFarland, Lano Fonua

This paper reviews knowledge about the impacts of climate change on eight development goal areas and argues that it is essential for climate change to be addressed in order not to compromise development efforts. It argues that climate change will have wide-ranging consequences, direct and indirect, on development and poverty reduction and affect the achievability of any future ...» more

What Does it Take to Mainstream Disaster Risk Management in Key Sectors?

Aditya Bahadur, Amy Kirbyshire, Dina Khan, Mihir Bhatt

Actions towards development must be compatible with a changing climate. This requires each country to have a plan to avoid the losses and damages associated with extreme weather and to make disaster resilience central to economic and social policies. This guide draws on the experience of CDKN’s programmes on climate-related disaster risk management (DRM) within the context of ...» more

Contribution to change – An approach to evaluating the role of intervention in disaster recovery

Roger Few, Daniel McAvoy, Marcela Tarazona, Vivien Margaret Walden

This guide presents an evaluation framework that assesses the contribution to recovery associated with post-disaster interventions. It is a method focused on assessing positive and negative changes to the lives of affected people and other local stakeholders, in the medium term following a disaster event. The output of the approach is a report that presents detailed findings, ...» more

Climate-smart agriculture


This sourcebook is a reference tool focussing on climate-smart agriculture (CSA). It examines CSA's potential, its challenges and its limitations in the agricultural sector, including forestry and fisheries at national and subnational levels. The sourcebook aims to assist political and technical managers to understand options available for policy and planning, investments and ...» more

Women and Natural Resources: Unlocking the Peacebuilding Potential

Adrienne Stork, Cassidy Travis, Silja Halle

What is the relationship between women and natural resources in conflict-affected settings? This report discusses how the management of natural resources can be used to enhance women’s engagement and empowerment in peacebuilding processes. Part I of the report examines the relationship between women and natural resources in peacebuilding contexts, reviewing key issues across ...» more

Climate change and conflict: A systematic evidence review

Tim Forsyth, Mareike Schomerus

This paper aims to analyse the evidence for the connections between climate change and violent conflict. The paper presents two main levels of analysis. The first level reports what academic research says is happening about climate change and violent conflict. The second level then considers how these studies make their arguments for linking climate change and conflict. ...» more

Promoting Resilient Livelihoods through Adaptive Social Protection: Lessons from 124 Programmes in South Asia

Mark Davies et al.

Adaptive Social Protection (ASP) refers to efforts to integrate social protection (SP), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA). The need to integrate these three domains is now increasingly recognized by practitioners and academics. Relying on 124 agricultural programmes implemented in 5 countries in Asia, this paper considers how these elements are ...» more

Climate and Environment Assessment: Women’s Economic Empowerment and Growth in Low Income Countries: a Global Research Programme (2013-2018)

Ian Grant

This report assesses the environmental impact of a new DFID multilateral research programme, Women’s Economic Empowerment and Growth in Low Income Countries (WEEG). It also looks at how climate change could affect the success of the WEEG programme. The WEEG research programme will help generate and inform policies that promote women’s contribution to economic growth. This will ...» more

No Accident: Resilience and the Inequality of Risk

Debbie Hillier, Gina E. Castillo

This paper argues that a new approach is needed for risk and poverty reduction. Major external risks, such as climate change and food price volatility, are increasing faster than attempts to reduce them. Many risks are dumped on poor people, and women face an overwhelming burden. A new focus on building resilience offers real promise to allow the poorest women and men to thrive ...» more

Measuring disaster resilience

Several agencies have developed guidance for measuring disaster resilience. One of the most comprehensive and widely-cited frameworks is Twigg’s (2009) ‘characteristics of resilience’ framework. Based on five dimensions of resilience identified in the Hyogo Framework for Action (governance, risk assessment, knowledge and education, risk management and vulnerability reduction, ...» more

Community-based disaster risk management in Pakistan

Disaster risk management (DRM), including disaster risk reduction (DRR), has received increased attention - particularly community-based DRM (CBDRM). Despite limited implementation and very limited evidence, some findings emerge: Factors of success have included: - Work that is multi-sectoral, integrated and multi-hazard. - Good programming, with high-quality analysis, ...» more

A Networked Response? Exploring national humanitarian networks in Asia

Kim Scriven

Networks are an increasingly prominent feature of the modern world. In the humanitarian system – characterised as it is by interdependent relationships between autonomous actors and the lack of any central authority or agreed hierarchy – they can be found organising collective action and collaboration in a multitude of settings. The aim of this research was to improve the ...» more

The geography of poverty, disasters and climate extremes in 2030

Andrew Shepherd, Tom Mitchell, Kirsty Lewis, Amanda Lenhardt, Lindsey Jones, Lucy Scott, Robert Muir-Wood

Climate change and exposure to ‘natural’ disasters threaten to derail international efforts to eradicate poverty by 2030. As temperatures warm, many of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable citizens will face the growing risks linked to more intense or lengthy droughts, extreme rainfall and flooding and severe heat waves – risks that threaten lives and livelihoods, as well as ...» more

Impact of extensive disasters

Extensive risk is defined by UNISDR as ‘The widespread risk associated with the exposure of dispersed populations to repeated or persistent hazard conditions of low or moderate intensity, often of a highly localized nature, which can lead to debilitating cumulative disaster impacts’. Examples of types of extensive disasters are given in the literature as floods, landslides, ...» more

Disaster Risk Reduction and Livelihoods

Feinstein International Center

This report finds that Disaster Risk Reduction programmes and research need to begin to address the gaps in DRR knowledge and programming and the increased vulnerability of certain populations and locations. Such gaps include: Limited national capacity Limited funding for DRR compared to relief efforts Lack of standardised definitions, tools, methodologies, or assessments ...» more

Financing Disaster Risk Reduction: A 20-year story of international aid

Jan Kellett, Alice Caravani

This report analyses financing for Disaster Risk Reduction over the past 20 years. It finds that overall volumes spent on disasters are a fraction of development aid, and within that the amount committed to reduce the risk of disasters is an even smaller proportion. Financing is heavily concentrated in a relatively small number of projects and in relatively few countries, with ...» more

Investing in Resilience: Ensuring a Disaster-Resistant Future

Asian Development Bank

How can we ensure that the actions we know are required to strengthen resilience are actually taken? This report addresses this question by setting out a vision of a resilient future in Asia and the Pacific and then working backwards to identify potential pathways to its achievement. It highlights the importance of coordinated action, and the links between progress across ...» more

From Shared Risk to Shared Value – The Business Case for Disaster Risk Reduction

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction

This 2013 edition of the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction examines how public regulation and private investment shapes disaster risk. It finds that direct disaster losses are at least 50 percent higher than internationally reported figures. Total direct losses in 40 low- and middle-income countries amount to US$305 billion over the last 30 years; of these ...» more

When Disasters and Conflicts Collide: Improving Links Between Disaster Resilience and Conflict Prevention

Katie Harris, David Keen, Tom Mitchell

This report finds that the evidence base for the 'natural' disasters-conflict interface is fragmented and contested. This suggests that the complexity of conflict and disaster dynamics can only be understood when grounded in specific contexts. Examples are therefore provided of disaster risk reduction in Afghanistan, resilience building in the Sahel region, community based risk ...» more