Climate change

A new climate for peace: Taking action on climate and fragility

Lukas Rüttinger; Dan Smith; Gerald Stang; Dennis Tänzler; and Janani Vivekananda

This independent report commissioned by members of the G7 calls for action on climate and fragility risk. It highlights risks and policy gaps that pose serious threats to the stability of states and societies in three key sectors: climate change adaptation; development and humanitarian aid; and peacebuilding. The report suggests concrete action from G7 member countries is ...» more

Climate finance and public finance management

Much attention has been directed at the international commitments to assist developing countries respond to climate change. This is reflected in the debate over the commitments made under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: at the UNFCCC negotiations in Copenhagen in 2009, developed countries committed to jointly mobilise $100 billion climate finance per…» more

Disaster-related displacement risk: Measuring the risk and addressing its drivers

Justin Ginnetti, with Chris Lavell, Travis Franck

This report applies the concept of risk to disaster-related displacement and quantifies human displacement risk around the world. It reflects an awareness of the need to see disasters as primarily social, rather than natural, phenomena. This view acknowledges that humans can act and take decisions to reduce the likelihood of a disaster occurring or, at the very least, to reduce ...» more

Climate Finance Thematic Briefing: Adaptation Finance

Alice Caravani, Sam Barnard, Smita Nakhooda, Liane Schalatek

What are the main dedicated climate funds that focus on adaptation finance, who receives the money and what kinds of adaptation projects are funded? This brief examines these issues.Key findings:The largest sources of approved funding for adaptation projects are currently the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) of the World Bank’s Climate Investment Funds and the Least ...» more

Experiences of National Governments in Expanding Their Role in Humanitarian Preparedness and Response

Jeremy Harkey

This paper examines how the governments of El Salvador, Mozambique, Indonesia and the Philippines have strengthened their countries’ disaster management systems. Many actors play important roles in the national disaster management systems, including government agencies, civil society groups, the private sector, and the population itself. In practice, however, thorough ...» more

Poverty and Crime: Evidence from Rainfall and Trade Shocks in India

Lakshmi Iyer, Petia Topalova

This paper examines the mechanisms underlying the observed relationship between rainfall and crime. Using four decades of district level data from India, the study establishes a robust effect of rainfall shocks on different types of crime, with the strongest effects on violent crimes and property crimes. It then examines to what extent poverty is the main causal pathway between ...» more

The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014

United Nations

This report examines the latest progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Fourteen years ago, the Millennium Declaration articulated a bold vision and established concrete targets for improving the existence of many and for saving the lives of those threatened by disease and hunger. There has been important progress across all goals, with some targets already ...» more

World Disasters Report: Focus on culture and risk

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Culture and beliefs, for example, in spirits or gods, or simple fatalism, enable people to live with risks and make sense of their lives in dangerous places. This paper looks at different aspects of how culture affects disaster risk reduction (DRR) and how disasters and risk influence culture. It assesses the effects of religion and other beliefs and the culture of DRR ...» more

Technologies to Support Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Asia

Asian Development Bank

The 2013 Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) restates the inevitability of significant and continuing climate change impact in Asia. The report is organized by sector and deals separately with climate change impact, vulnerabilities, and technology needs in the following six sectors:agriculture, coastal resources, human health, ...» more

World Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2014: Gender equality and sustainable development

UN Women

This World Survey focuses on gender equality and sustainable development, with highlights on the green economy and care work, food security, population dynamics, and investments for gender-responsive sustainable development. The report uses three criteria to assess whether policy actions and investments for sustainable development adequately address gender equality. Do they ...» more

Zero poverty… think again: Impact of climate change on development efforts

Miren Gutierrez, Will McFarland, Lano Fonua

This paper reviews knowledge about the impacts of climate change on eight development goal areas and argues that it is essential for climate change to be addressed in order not to compromise development efforts. It argues that climate change will have wide-ranging consequences, direct and indirect, on development and poverty reduction and affect the achievability of any future ...» more

What Does it Take to Mainstream Disaster Risk Management in Key Sectors?

Aditya Bahadur, Amy Kirbyshire, Dina Khan, Mihir Bhatt

Actions towards development must be compatible with a changing climate. This requires each country to have a plan to avoid the losses and damages associated with extreme weather and to make disaster resilience central to economic and social policies. This guide draws on the experience of CDKN’s programmes on climate-related disaster risk management (DRM) within the context of ...» more

Contribution to change – An approach to evaluating the role of intervention in disaster recovery

Roger Few, Daniel McAvoy, Marcela Tarazona, Vivien Margaret Walden

This guide presents an evaluation framework that assesses the contribution to recovery associated with post-disaster interventions. It is a method focused on assessing positive and negative changes to the lives of affected people and other local stakeholders, in the medium term following a disaster event. The output of the approach is a report that presents detailed findings, ...» more

Women and Natural Resources: Unlocking the Peacebuilding Potential

Adrienne Stork, Cassidy Travis, Silja Halle

What is the relationship between women and natural resources in conflict-affected settings? This report discusses how the management of natural resources can be used to enhance women’s engagement and empowerment in peacebuilding processes. Part I of the report examines the relationship between women and natural resources in peacebuilding contexts, reviewing key issues across ...» more

Climate change and conflict: A systematic evidence review

Tim Forsyth, Mareike Schomerus

This paper aims to analyse the evidence for the connections between climate change and violent conflict. The paper presents two main levels of analysis. The first level reports what academic research says is happening about climate change and violent conflict. The second level then considers how these studies make their arguments for linking climate change and conflict. ...» more

Promoting Resilient Livelihoods through Adaptive Social Protection: Lessons from 124 Programmes in South Asia

Mark Davies et al.

Adaptive Social Protection (ASP) refers to efforts to integrate social protection (SP), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA). The need to integrate these three domains is now increasingly recognized by practitioners and academics. Relying on 124 agricultural programmes implemented in 5 countries in Asia, this paper considers how these elements are ...» more

Climate and Environment Assessment: Women’s Economic Empowerment and Growth in Low Income Countries: a Global Research Programme (2013-2018)

Ian Grant

This report assesses the environmental impact of a new DFID multilateral research programme, Women’s Economic Empowerment and Growth in Low Income Countries (WEEG). It also looks at how climate change could affect the success of the WEEG programme. The WEEG research programme will help generate and inform policies that promote women’s contribution to economic growth. This will ...» more

No Accident: Resilience and the Inequality of Risk

Debbie Hillier, Gina E. Castillo

This paper argues that a new approach is needed for risk and poverty reduction. Major external risks, such as climate change and food price volatility, are increasing faster than attempts to reduce them. Many risks are dumped on poor people, and women face an overwhelming burden. A new focus on building resilience offers real promise to allow the poorest women and men to thrive ...» more

Measuring disaster resilience

Several agencies have developed guidance for measuring disaster resilience. One of the most comprehensive and widely-cited frameworks is Twigg’s (2009) ‘characteristics of resilience’ framework. Based on five dimensions of resilience identified in the Hyogo Framework for Action (governance, risk assessment, knowledge and education, risk management and vulnerability reduction, ...» more