Conflict analysis of Algeria

Local and regional protests about a diverse range of socio-economic issues have been taking place in Algeria since 2011. However, much of the literature suggests that Algeria was not greatly affected by the protests emerging from the 'Arab Spring'. The Algerian government has succeeded in preventing protests from escalating to the levels witnessed in neighbouring countries ...» more

Impact Evaluation of Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Interventions

Marie Gaarder; Jeannie Annan

Impact evaluations are increasingly used as a tool to establish what works, why and under what circumstances in a variety of development sectors. However, doubts have been voiced as to the feasibility and desirability of carrying out impact evaluation in contexts of conflict and fragility. Some evaluators and practitioners in this field raise four main concerns: (i) it is ...» more

The Logic of Child Soldiering and Coercion

Bernd Beber, Christopher Blattman

Why do armed groups recruit large numbers of children as fighters, often coercively? The international community has tried to curb these crimes by shaming and punishing leaders who commit them—in short, making the crimes costlier. Are these policies effective and sufficient? The answer lies in more attention to the strategic interaction between rebel leaders and recruits. This ...» more

Violent Conflict and Gender Inequality: An Overview

Mayra Buvinic, Monica Das Gupta, Ursula Casabonne,, Philip Verwimp

Violent conflict has lasting impacts on human capital, and these impacts are seldom gender neutral. Death and destruction alter the structure and dynamics of households, including their demographic profiles and traditional gender roles. Attention to the gender impacts of conflict has tended to focus on sexual and gender-based violence. The authors suggest that a wider set of ...» more

Development Consequences of Armed Conflict

Scott Gates, Havard Hegre, Havard Mokleiv Nygard, Havard Strand

The consequences of war extend far beyond direct deaths. In addition to battlefield casualties, armed conflict often leads to forced migration, refugee flows, capital flight, and the destruction of societies’ infrastructure. It also creates a development gap between those countries that have experienced armed conflict and those that have not.This paper conducts a statistical ...» more

Conflict Prevention: Theory in Pursuit of Policy and Practice

Michael S. Lund

Why does there seem to be a gap between the promise and the actual pursuit of conflict prevention? How can decision makers devise effective conflict prevention policies? This chapter from the Sage Handbook of Conflict Prevention reviews the concepts, activities, and impacts of conflict prevention, focusing on the ‘primary prevention’ of prospective new conflicts. Policymakers ...» more

The Impact of Armed Civil Conflict on Household Welfare and Policy Responses

P Justino

How does armed conflict impact on households and how do they respond to and cope with it? This paper from the Institute of Development Studies examines the direct and indirect effects of conflicts and shows that the indirect effects are channelled through markets, political institutions and social networks. Until there is more research on the fundamental processes linking armed ...» more

The Impact of Conflict on Women’s Voice and Participation

Although conflict can reduce the voice of less powerful groups (including women), there are also opportunities for these groups to contest well-established social structures and divisions, and for new, non-traditional leaders to emerge. Women assume varied roles during armed conflict, as victims, but also as perpetrators, as well as peace activists. There are sub-groups of ...» more

The Impact of Conflict on Women’s Education, Employment and Health Care

The extent to which conflict restricts women’s freedom of movement depends on a number of factors including the stage of conflict, whether the women are displaced, whether they are directly or indirectly affected by the conflict, and the cultural norms of the conflict-affected area. Forced displacement, for example, may in some cases lead to greater mobility, where women assume ...» more

The Legacies of Armed Conflict

United Nations Development Programme

What are the economic legacies of armed conflict? How should policymakers approach these legacies in recovery strategies? This book chapter from the United Nations Development Programme argues that post-conflict countries are not blank slates on which new economic and social systems can be built. For a recovery strategy to work, it must acknowledge the legacies of armed ...» more

The Unequal Burden of War: The Effect of Armed Conflict on the Gender Gap in Life Expectancy

T Plumper, E Neumayer

Does conflict reduce the gap in life expectancy between men and women? Most direct victims of armed conflict tend to be men, because most combatants are men. However, there are a range of indirect effects of conflict which may affect women more than men. This paper, prepared for the journal International Organization, analyses the impact of armed conflict on male relative to ...» more

Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Key Issues in Governance

G Glentworth

This paper presents material on post-conflict reconstruction, with a focus on key legacies of conflict, government priorities in post-conflict situations and requirements in effective external aid support. Content is drawn from experience in Sierra Leone with provision of an in-depth case study, although, the paper is described by the author as a work in progress.For analysis ...» more

Fiscal Consequences of Armed Conflict and Terrorism in Low and Middle Income Countries

S Gupta, B Clements, R Bhattacharya,, S Chakravarti

One would intuitively assume that armed conflict has a negative effect on economic growth, especially in poorer countries. But what does the empirical evidence say? And how exactly does conflict affect fiscal accounts?An International Monetary Fund (IMF) working paper addresses these questions with reference to the empirical evidence, which is abundant. Between 1989 and 2000 an ...» more

What Happens to the State in Conflict?: Political Analysis as a Tool for Planning Humanitarian Assistance

L Cliffe, R Luckham

Peacemaking and humanitarian assistance in complex political emergencies (CPEs) based on a lack of understanding of their political dimensions often result in unintended and even counter-productive outcomes. What is required is analysis grounded in humanitarian principles but based on political realities. This article uses information derived from the COPE programme to ...» more