State fragility and social cohesion

This report reviews the relationship between social cohesion and state fragility – focusing on literature from 2010 onwards. There is no clear empirical understanding in the literature of how social cohesion contributes to state resilience or fragility, as it is very difficult to measure, and to assess independently other variables that impact on state fragility. Key points ...» more

Cooperation from Crisis? Regional Responses to Humanitarian Emergencies

Jérémie Labbé, Lilianne Fan, Walter Kemp

With the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Syria and the broader Middle East in mind, this report investigates how past examples of regional responses to humanitarian crises have succeeded or failed to meet humanitarian objectives, in order to inform responses to contemporary crises. Second, it assesses whether such regional responses contributed to strengthening regional ...» more

Livelihoods in fragile contexts

There is strong literature on both livelihoods in general and livelihoods in fragile contexts, presenting conclusions and lessons from programmes and synthesising evidence from other contexts. This review draws mainly on lessons learned in the field, rather than rigorous evidence of impact. There are few impact studies conducted on programmes in fragile environments, as ...» more

Against Stabilization

Roger Mac Ginty

This paper is a critique of the concept and practice of stabilization as practiced by leading states from the global north in peace support interventions.It begins by noting how the concept of peace has been side-lined in recent years and has been supplanted by ‘stabilization’, ‘security’ and other concepts that are based on ideas of control. It then charts how the term ...» more

Strengthening Capacity for Conflict-Sensitive Natural Resource Management


This Guidance Note focuses on the role of natural resources in triggering, escalating or sustaining violent conflict. Its aim is to provide practical guidance on the role that the UN and EU can play in early warning and assessment, structural conflict prevention (long-term measures) and direct conflict prevention (short-term measures). It is meant to provide a combination of ...» more

Peace dividends: contributions of administrative and social services to peacebuilding

Erin McCandless

The international policy community is increasingly recognising the untapped potential of administrative and social services to restore peace and stability. This multi-partner United Nations (UN) study seeks to determine whether the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) should increase its support to administrative and social services, and if so, to what types of programming. The paper ...» more

How To Guide to Conflict Sensitivity

Conflict Sensitivity Consortium

Conflict Sensitivity Consortium comprises 35 humanitarian, development, peacebuilding and multi-mandate NGOs operating in Kenya, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka and the UK, who all share a commitment to being more conflict sensitive. With support from a four-year project funded by the UK Department for International Development – ‘Conflict Sensitivity – from concept to impact’ – the ...» more

Growth and livelihoods in fragile and conflict-affected situations

Richard Mallett, Rachel Slater

The socioeconomic impacts of war and large-scale violence are often devastating, multiple and wide- ranging, and it is with some justification that violent conflict has come to be identified over the years as a major barrier to development. Yet, although recent years have seen a marked increase in the level of interest directed towards conflict-affected situations – or, to use ...» more

Examining the role of WASH services within peace- and state- building processes: findings from Tearfund programmes in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of South Sudan

Leni Wild, Nathaniel Mason

This research focuses on Tearfund’s water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions implemented through the ‘Capacity Building to Improve Humanitarian Action in the Water Sanitation and Hygiene’ programme. The programme aims to increase the capacity of Tearfund Operational Teams, local partner projects and local government departments in conflict-affected and ...» more

Dangerous liaisons? A historical review of UNHCR’s engagement with non-state armed actors

Sean Keogh, Yvonne Ruijters

The actions of non-state armed actors (NSAAs) have received significant attention in recent years, especially with regard to how their presence in the field impacts humanitarian space. However, NSAAs are not new, nor are they the only parties responsible for violence against humanitarian workers.This report reviews UNHCR’s history of engagement with NSAAs over the past 30 ...» more

Assessing Armed Violence in Nepal

Nepal Armed Violence Reduction Working Group

This first issue of Rupantaran, (‘transformation’ in Nepalese), highlights key issues surrounding armed violence in Nepal and considers current development solutions. Rupantaran, produced by the Nepal Armed Violence Reduction Working Group and IDS Knowledge Services, explores the impact that armed violence has on development in Nepal. While awareness of armed violence in Nepal ...» more

A Peacebuilding Tool for a Conflict-Sensitive Approach to Development: A Pilot Initiative in Nepal

Asian Development Bank

This paper introduces an analytical peacebuilding tool used by the Asian Development Bank in Nepal during 2010-2011, and outlines lessons learned. The tool consists of a series of questions designed to enhance project planning and implementation in fragile situations by identifying potential social conflict and opportunities for building peace and social cohesion. Lessons ...» more

Applying conflict sensitivity in emergency response: Current practice and ways forward

Nona Zicherman et al.

Using an analysis of existing agency tools and standards and case studies of three recent emergencies, as well as extensive consultations with humanitarian professionals in headquarters and field offices, this paper explores whether and how conflict-sensitive approaches (CSA) are currently being applied, explicitly or implicitly, in rapid-onset emergencies. It maps the current ...» more

Conflict Sensitivity Assessment: International Assistance in Gaza: Aiding Fragmentation or Unity? – A view from inside Gaza

Roland Dittli

This report aims to contribute a better understanding of the characteristics and dynamics of Gaza’s internal lines of tensions, as well as the patterns of interactions between international assistance and the conflict context on the ground. The bulk of information gathered for this report was collected through personal interviews and focus group discussions in Gaza, including ...» more

Understanding Obstacles to Peace: Actors, Interests, and Strategies in Africa’s Great Lakes Region

Mwesiga Baregu

This book reviews obstacles to peace in Northern Uganda, Burundi, Eastern DRC, Zanzibar, Sudan and Northern Kenya, arguing that the central Africa Great Lakes region presents an opportunity for finding a durable solution for challenges relating to peace and security, particularly in DRC. The mechanisms put in place to forestall any future conflicts in the region need to be ...» more

World Development Report 2011: Overview

World Bank

Some 1.5 billion people live in countries affected by repeated cycles of political and criminal violence. This report argues that breaking these cycles involves a) strengthening legitimate national institutions and governance to meet citizens' key needs; and b) alleviating international stresses that increase the risks of conflict (such as food price volatility and infiltration ...» more

Climate Change and Conflict: Lessons for Conflict Resolution from the Southern Sahel of Sudan

Salomé Bronkhorst

What lessons can be learned from work by NGOs to address climate and environmental conflicts in the southern Sahel? This study suggests that NGOs and international organisations can play an important role in providing funding and technical support to address climate and environmental related conflicts. They can help to reduce environmental threats, to address structural ...» more

Do No Harm: Additional Model of the Framework


The Reflective Case Studies of the Do No Harm Project (DNH), explore how people use the concepts and ideas of Do No Harm. This includes asking people about the DNH Framework, how they use it, which parts they use, what is most useful and what the results of using DNH have been in their setting. It has been discovered that the original DNH framework is not widely used by people ...» more

Serbian National Security and Defence Strategy: Forever Wandering in the Wilderness?

Jim Seroka

What led to the failure of Serbia's attempt at security reform, begun in 2007? How can the Euro-Atlantic security community help Serbia to overcome its now incoherent and isolationist security stance? This article examines the political and policy-making processes that led to the adoption of the Serbian National Security and Defence strategies in 2009. It finds that attempted ...» more