Theories of change

NIMD Country Programme evaluation

Laure-Hélène Piron
2015

The Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy commissioned an institutional evaluation of the period 2011–2014, with a focus on three country programmes (Georgia, Guatemala and Mali). The first objective of the evaluation was to assess the extent to which NIMD achieved results in the period 2011–2014. The second objective was to assess the extent to which the NIMD ...» more

Theories of Change: Time for a radical approach to learning in development

Craig Valters
2015

A Theory of Change approach demands a radical shift towards more and better learning in development thinking and practice. This paper outlines growing and diverse ways in which Theory of Change approaches are understood, and highlights four key principles. Recognising the need not to obsess over the latest tool/buzzword, it calls for a shift towards learning as a norm and ...» more

Theories of Change in international development: communication, learning, or accountability?

Craig Valters
2014

The Theory of Change approach – an increasingly popular management tool and discourse in development – aims to challenge and change implicit assumptions in world views and programmes, yet little is known about the extent to which it really does so. This paper analyses how Theories of Change are used in the day-to-day practice of an international development organisation, The ...» more

Practical Approaches to Theories of Change in Conflict, Security & Justice Programmes: Part I: What are they, different types, how to develop and use them

Peter Woodrow, Nick Oatley
2013

This document aims to improve the effectiveness of DFID programmes and the measurement of their impacts by providing DFID Advisers with the practical skills to develop high quality theories of change, and to understand the role they play in programme design and assessment. It is intended for DFID advisors to more clearly and explicitly articulate their theories of change as a ...» more

Practical Approaches to Theories of Change in Conflict, Security, and Justice Programmes: Part II: Using Theories of Change in Monitoring and Evaluation

Vanessa Corlazzoli, Jonathan White
2013

The goal of this document is to improve the effectiveness of DFID programmes and the measurement of their impacts by providing DFID Advisers with the practical skills to develop high quality theories of change, to understand the role they play in programme design and assessment. It is intended for DFID advisors to more clearly and explicitly articulate their theories of change ...» more

Theories of change for cash transfers

This report gathers together examples from the literature which attempt to explain how and why change happens as a result of cash transfers (CTs). While there is a large body of literature examining social protection and cash transfers’ impacts on poverty reduction and development, there is much less on understanding the mechanisms and pathways by which this happens. The report ...» more

Theories of change in anti-corruption work: A tool for programme design and evaluation

Jesper Johnsøn
2012

The paper presents a user-friendly five-step methodology for building a theory of change for an anti-corruption programme or project. It highlights the importance of preconditions, factors that must be in place for the intervention to work as intended, distinguishing between those preconditions that can be addressed by the programme design and those that cannot. Finally, the ...» more

Understanding Theory of Change in International Development

Danielle Stein, Craig Valters
2012

This paper reviews the concepts and debates within donor, agency and expert guidance ‘Theory of Change’ (ToC) documents. It finds confusion surrounding ToC definitions and use, but that ToC is commonly understood as an articulation of how and why a given intervention will lead to specific change. The paper identifies four main (overlapping) purposes of ToC – strategic planning, ...» more

Review of the Use of ‘Theory of Change’ in International Development

Isabel Vogel
2012

How is 'Theory of Change' (ToC) being used in international development? What are the areas of consensus, debate and innovation? This review notes that ToC can inspire and support programme improvement, helping to develop more realistic and feasible interventions that are responsive to dynamic contexts. It finds that ToC requires both logical thinking and deeper critical ...» more

Citizen Voice and State Accountability: Towards Theories of Change that Embrace Contextual Dynamics

Fletcher Tembo
2012

This paper argues that current approaches to Theories of Change (ToCs) are inadequate for citizen voice and accountability (CV&A) interventions: linear ToCs do not capture the complex and dynamic realities of state-citizen relations and of the influences of the wider context on these interactions. It suggests a model for developing ToCs that are better grounded in dynamic ...» more