Formal and informal policing in Iraq

Within the literature there seems to be a number of common themes and recommendations: Supporting the judiciary and improving investigative capability: Greater security for the judiciary and improved legal education, improved capacity of lawyers, as well as greater support for investigative capability. Improving police-community relations: This can be through setting up joint ...» more

State of Civil Society Report 2014


The report draws on contributions from more than 30 experts on civil society as well as on inputs from members, partners, supporters and others in the global CIVICUS alliance. The varied contributions highlight changing global political dynamics, an emerging disillusionment with global frameworks of governance and a fundamental lack of accountability within international ...» more

Fast-Track Institution Building in Conflict-Affected Countries? Insights from Recent Field Experiments

Elisabeth King, Cyrus Samii

This article synthesises evidence from four recent ‘community-driven development’ field experiments in countries affected by violent conflict. Conflict-affected settings are presumed to combine extraordinary need and opportunity for building institutions. The substantive and methodological consistency of the field experiments (Afghanistan, DRC, Liberia, and Sierra Leone) ...» more

Inclusive institutions

Jessica Lea / DFID: Peer educator, Rihanata Ouedraogo, leads a group discussion on FGM/C in Burkina Faso

Institutions are the formal and informal rules and norms that structure citizens’ rights, entitlements, opportunities and voice. How can policymakers and practitioners support inclusive institutions to promote development that ‘leaves no-one behind’? What do we know about what has – or hasn't – worked, and where? This Topic Guide synthesises the evidence, debates and approaches ...» more

Changing discriminatory norms affecting adolescent girls through communication activities – A review of evidence

Rachel Marcus, Ella Page

This report presents findings from a review of evidence on the effectiveness of communications programmes for changing norms affecting adolescent girls in low- and middle-income countries. The studies in this review all examined communications initiatives that aimed to change norms on gender issues, reported on certain areas of adolescent girls’ wellbeing or included adolescent ...» more

Community-driven development and indigenous, ethnic minority, and disability issues

Few CDD programmes explicitly address minority issues. Many programmes target vulnerable groups such as women, youth, disabled, ethnic minorities, but as one group rather than distinguishing their differing needs. Few programmes are targeted specifically at vulnerable groups alone. Many programmes focus on reducing poverty and vulnerability, with the implicit assumption that ...» more

Harmful traditional practices in diaspora communities

In general, the trajectory of change among the diaspora communities discussed in the literature surveyed for this report is away from carrying out HTPs. There are fewer examples identified of communities wishing to uphold these practices in their new countries. The literature identifies several factors which impact on change in attitudes and practices: Legality: All host ...» more

Achieving Reforms in Oligarchical Democracies: The Role of Leadership and Coalitions in the Philippines

John T. Sidel

This paper examines the role of developmental leadership in two major reforms introduced in the Philippines in 2012: the passage into law of excise tax reform which significantly raised taxes on cigarettes and alcohol, and the re-registration of voters in the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). These reforms have a) strengthened government finances and healthcare; and ...» more

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex rights in national human rights institutions

NHRIs almost unanimously take a universal human rights stance which is validated and backed up by the UN. This institutional support allows NHRIs to criticise governments for failing to support certain human rights. NHRIs often emphasise that LGBTI rights are contained within existing UN rights principles, particularly the rights to privacy, health, life, freedom from ...» more

Gender in community-driven development

Elite capture is a significant concern. The evidence is clear that 'uncontrolled' CDD will not necessarily benefit women, the poor and other disadvantaged groups. Women's participation is a central problem as they do not usually have the time and/or confidence to contribute to village planning processes. To reach women and other disadvantaged groups, CDD needs to have explicit ...» more

Gender in Political Economy Analysis

An initial review of the literature indicates that gender is not systematically included in PEA. This was also conveyed by a number of experts consulted for this report, who stated that few if any PEAs to their knowledge had included a gender analysis, with the issue usually treated only in passing. The report nevertheless highlights the existing examples of gender-oriented ...» more

Lessons Learned Review of UN Support to Core Public Administration Functions in the Immediate Aftermath of Conflict


Although the UN has produced important reports and policy on the rule of law, gender equality, and other post-conflict challenges in the decade since Report of the Panel on UN Peace Operations (the Brahimi Report), very little has been produced on public administration in fragile environments. The UN Lessons Learned review rectifies this gap and captures the experience of the ...» more

Report of the Secretary-General on Women, Peace and Security

UN Secretary-General

This is the Secretary General’s 2013 report (S/2013/525) on Women, Peace and Security (WPS). It notes there were measurable advances in all areas of the women, peace and security agenda. It stresses numerous good practices while also outlining several deficits, notably lack of women’s leadership, poor provision of resources necessary for addressing women’s rights and needs, and ...» more

Gender, Conflict and Peace

Dyan Mazurana, Keith Proctor

Women and girls are marginalised within most societies. That, coupled with the violence of conflict and its gendered dimensions, can often lead to increased vulnerability and to particular kinds of loss, violence and harms. We can clearly see the trends in women and girls’ reduced access to resources, livelihood inputs and basic services; increased family and social ...» more

Women and Natural Resources: Unlocking the Peacebuilding Potential

Adrienne Stork, Cassidy Travis, Silja Halle

What is the relationship between women and natural resources in conflict-affected settings? This report discusses how the management of natural resources can be used to enhance women’s engagement and empowerment in peacebuilding processes. Part I of the report examines the relationship between women and natural resources in peacebuilding contexts, reviewing key issues across ...» more

Women, Custom and Access to Justice

Perspectives Africa

Largely based on presentations made during a symposium, this issue of Perspectives provides insight into some of the following country-specific challenges and controversies with regards to women’s access to justice in selected sub-Saharan African states. How does customary law, and the way in which the national legislative process is used, entrench gender inequalities, ...» more

Working with the politics: How to improve public services for the poor

Leni Wild, Marta Foresti

Beyond recognising that institutions matter for development, how should governments that are striving to achieve more equitable and efficient service delivery approach the challenge of institutional reform? This policy briefing discusses two major themes. First, recent research has moved beyond the recognition that ‘context matters’ to specify just how it matters and what ...» more

The African Union’s Mechanisms to Foster Gender Mainstreaming and Ensure Women’s Political Participation and Representation

Olga Martin

This paper analyses the African Union’s (AU) mechanisms to foster gender mainstreaming and women’s political participation and representation in supranational/regional decision-making by evaluating the AU’s capabilities and potential, and reflects on areas of cooperation on these issues between the AU, EU and UN. It does so primarily by examining AU constitutional and policy ...» more