Approaches

National climate change governance

Neil Palmer (CIAT): Farms of the Future project, Nepal

Without the rapid implementation of pro-poor, climate-informed development policies, climate change impacts could result in 100 million more people in extreme poverty by 2030. Development policies need to consider climate risk scenarios while expanding ‘no-regrets’ social protection programmes that provide benefits to vulnerable populations under different climate ...» more

Methods and approaches for understanding behaviour change

There are many theories about, and approaches to, behavioural change derived from disciplines such as psychology, sociology, communication and political science. These theories focus on a number of different levels: the enabling environment; the community; the interpersonal; or the individual. What matters is not only which behaviour change intervention or policy is ...» more

Libyan political economy

Much has changed in Libya since April 2014. However, Libya remains highly unstable and divided along multiple fracture lines, with a multitude of armed and non-armed groups. Given the fluidity of relations between these groups, literature on the country situation becomes quickly outdated. Libya has three rival claimants to power: a reconvened General National Congress (GNC) ...» more

The political economy of cash transfers: A comparative analysis of Latin American and Sub-Saharan African experiences

Margherita Scarlato and Giorgio d'Agostino
2016

Conditional cash transfer (CCTs) programmes became popular throughout Latin America during the 1990s and have since been launched in several other emerging and developing countries, generally without conditions. This paper compares the consolidated experience of CCTs in Latin America (LA) with a variety of models of cash transfers (CTs) in middle- and low- income countries in ...» more

The echo chamber: Results, management and the humanitarian effectiveness agenda

Fiori, Juliano, Fernando Espada, Jessica Field, and Sophie Dicker
2016

This critical analysis of the bureaucratisation and professionalisation of humanitarian action proposes that, in spite of bringing order and focus to efforts to improve humanitarian action, the development of the effectiveness agenda has reinforced an echo chamber within the humanitarian sector that is depoliticising humanitarian agencies, distancing them from the humanitarian ...» more

Political dynamics and the effectiveness of aid programmes

There is an increasing recognition amongst development scholars and practitioners that the obstacles to effective change in developing countries are not only related to technical or financial issues, but are also bound up with domestic politics and power relationships (DfID 2010a; DfID 2010b; Di John and Putzel, 2009; Leftwich: 2011; Parks and Cole, 2010; DFID 2016). As a ...» more

Southern philanthropy, social justice and human rights

Fabiana Leibl and Ine Van Severen
2016

This discussion paper addresses the question of how philanthropists in the global south could better support the activities of civil society organisations (CSOs) to promote human rights and social justice, including actions that focus on advocacy, accountability and mobilisation. The paper is informed by interviews conducted with 12 representatives of philanthropic foundations ...» more

A study on organisational development

Jessica Mackenzie and Rebecca Gordon
2016

People often do not understand what organisational development is and yet, if they work in international development, it is very likely that they must have been involved in it. There is a wealth of information on Organisational Development (OD) and so, planning which approach a programme takes from the outset is important. This paper synthesises global literature - particularly ...» more

Human rights

Human rights emerged as a new field in international development in the 1990s. By 1997, the UN Secretary-General had called on all UN development agencies to mainstream human rights (1997), while development donors and NGOs increasingly committed themselves to a human rights approach. Diverse factors explain this seeming breakthrough of human rights. First, a growing…» more

Thinking and Working Politically: From theory building to building an evidence base

Niheer Dasandi, Heather Marquette & Mark Robinson
2016

This paper discusses the steps required to build a robust evidence base for ‘thinking and working politically’ (TWP) in development. The ideas behind TWP are increasingly common in development discussions, and understanding which parts are necessary and sufficient conditions for success is crucial for moving it into mainstream development programming. After reviewing existing ...» more

Big results now? Emerging lessons from Results-Based Aid in Tanzania

Heiner Janus and Niels Keijzer
2015

Experiments with Results-Based Aid (RBA) is an ongoing trend in development cooperation.  This paper analyses design features and initial implementation experiences of three ongoing RBA programmes in Tanzania that support government reforms in the water, education and decentralisation sectors. It finds that the overarching programme and the nature of capacity development ...» more

Webinar video: Social norms and violence against women and girls

  Dr Lori Heise (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine) and Emma Fulu (the Equality Institute) gave short presentations on social norms and violence against women and girls. They drew on their experience and research to reflect on comments and questions raised by participating development practitioners. Download the presentations here and here. The webinar was held on…» more

Accelerating sustainability: Why political economy matters.

Hubert Schmitz and Ian Scoones
2015

The decline in poverty and gains in living standards since the 1960s presents today's most pressing development challenge: a greater demand for resources. This paper brings together what the world can learn from development studies and from sustainability studies to understand how to accelerate sustainability in order to meet this demand. It argues that the development era of ...» more

Social norms theory and development economics

Lina Eriksson
2015

Social norms are found in all societies and have great impact on human behaviour. They can be both a hindrance and a help for development, depending on whether or not changes necessary for development fit with existing norms.  This paper outlines what social norms are, how they function, and the factors that affect their emergence and change. It highlights how to influence ...» more

Social norms

In recent years the development community has witnessed an upsurge of interest in the role that social norms may play in perpetuating a host of harmful practices, especially practices affecting women and girls.  There has long been interest in how deeply held beliefs, attitudes, and norms can justify male dominance and reinforce behaviour and institutions that…» more

Public sector management reform in developing countries: Perspectives beyond NPM orthodoxy

Derick W. Brinkerhoff and Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff
2015

What alternative frameworks for theory and practice offer insights and guidance beyond the new public management (NPM) orthodoxy? This article offers some answers to this question. It is the introduction to a special issue of the journal Public Administration and Development titled ‘Beyond conventional public sector management reforms in developing countries’, and includes ...» more

The three political economies of electoral quality in Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands

Terence Wood
2015

This paper focuses on electoral quality and malpractice in the Melanesian countries of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Solomon Islands. It argues that the electoral malpractice the countries experience is a product of three interacting political economies: national, international and local. It aims to offer a more comprehensive understanding of the origins of these electoral issues ...» more

NIMD Country Programme evaluation

Laure-Hélène Piron
2015

The Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy commissioned an institutional evaluation of the period 2011–2014, with a focus on three country programmes (Georgia, Guatemala and Mali). The first objective of the evaluation was to assess the extent to which NIMD achieved results in the period 2011–2014. The second objective was to assess the extent to which the NIMD ...» more

Making development work: The quality of government approach

Bo Rothstein & Marcus Tannenberg
2015

This report synthesizes the current knowledge on why some countries have developed into prosperous societies while others have not, and puts forward conclusions for development policy. The report summarises qualitative as well as quantitative studies that have shown that quality of governance (QoG) factors, such as control of corruption, the rule of law, and administrative ...» more