GSDRC provides applied knowledge services on demand and online. Our expertise is in issues of governance, social development, humanitarian response and conflict. Our specialist research team supports a range of international development agencies, synthesising the latest evidence and expert thinking to inform policy and practice.
Institutions are the formal and informal rules and norms that structure citizens’ rights, entitlements, opportunities and voice. How can policymakers and practitioners support inclusive institutions to promote development that ‘leaves no-one behind’? What do we know about what has – or hasn't – worked, and where? This Topic Guide synthesises the evidence, debates and approaches that emerge from the literature.
The Price of Empowerment: Experimental Evidence on Land Titling in Tanzania
Author: Daniel Ayalew Ali, Matt Collin, Klaus Deininger, Stefan Dercon, Justin Sandefur, and Andrew Zeitlin (2014)
Size: 36 pages (686 kB)
This CGD paper reports on a randomised experiment that used price incentives to address economic and gender inequality in land tenure formalisation. The study offered formal titles to residents of a low-income, unplanned settlement in Dar es Salaam at a range of subsidised prices, and additional price incentives to include women as owners or co-owners of household land. It found that pro-poor price discrimination is justified even from a budgetary perspective. And small price incentives for female co-titling achieved almost complete gender parity in land ownership, with no reduction in demand.
Delivering social protection in the aftermath of a shock: lessons from Bangladesh, Kenya, Pakistan and Viet Nam
Author: Francesca Bastagli with Rebecca Holmes (2014)
Size: 45 pages (634 kB)
This ODI study examines how social protection can respond to shocks that affect entire communities or large population groups at the same time. It finds that the three main challenges to shock-responsive social protection are: lack of policy flexibility and adaptive capacity, inadequate financing for rapid scale-up, and weak preparedness. Having a system in place that can be expanded and adapted to accommodate increased need is important.