GSDRC provides applied knowledge services on demand and online. Our expertise is in issues of governance, social development, humanitarian response and conflict. Our specialist research team supports a range of international development agencies, synthesising the latest evidence and expert thinking to inform policy and practice.

Image: Addressing the basic needs displaced people in Mali © EC / ECHO / Anouk Delafortrie

New Topic Guide:
Social Protection

Social protection is used in a growing number of countries, and the evidence suggests that it has had positive effects on child and maternal health, primary and secondary education enrolment and attendance, and poverty reduction. This Topic Guide provides an overview of social protection concepts, approaches, issues and debates, and includes links to further resources.

Latest Document Summaries

Masculinities, conflict and peacebuilding: Perspectives on men through a gender lens

Author: Hannah Wright (2014)
Size: 55 pages (826KB)

This paper examines programmes that promote non-violent and gender equitable masculinities and asks how these can be developed to challenge the gender norms that drive conflict and insecurity. It finds evidence that both group education and community outreach strategies have changed attitudes and behaviour among men and boys, but that combined strategies have had the most impact.

Does the African middle class defend democracy? Evidence from Kenya

Author: Nic Cheeseman (2014)
Size: 18 pages (0.97MB)

This paper uses the case of Kenya to investigate the attitudes and behaviours of the middle class in African countries. Analysis of Afrobarometer survey data reveals that the middle class is more likely to support the opposition and hold pro-democratic attitudes. This suggests that contemporary demographic changes will improve the prospects for democratic consolidation. However, qualitative evidence from the Kenyan 2013 general election raises important questions about the resilience of these attitudes. The middle class may be more inclined to democratic attitudes than their less well-off counterparts, but class continues to intersect with ethnicity, and its political salience is likely to wax and wane as a result.